Addiction & Criminology

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Review Article - Addiction & Criminology (2021) Volume 4, Issue 3

Criminal liability for economic criminal actions conducted by a corporation in the era of globalization

During the era of globalization, the presence of corporation has provided an impactful role for the human kinds in the world, especially in increasing the national economic. On the other hand, corporations have given birth to a crime called Transnational Organized Crime (TOC) in the area of economic. For that, it needs a legal instrument among others legal liability and legal sanctions against corporations. The research method used in this study is juridical normative, namely research oriented literature study. Data sourced from statutory regulations, literature books containing legal principles and doctrines relating to the problem. The results showed that the criminal law doctrine recognizes four forms of criminal responsibility, namely direct liability, vicarious liability, strict liability, and the company culture doctrine. Meanwhile, criminal sanctions against corporations are fines and if necessary are added with additional penalties on the condition that they must pay attention to the continuity of the existence of the corporation and the interests of workers if the corporation falls bankrupt due to criminal sanctions.

Author(s): Noor Aziz Said

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