Journal of Systems Biology & Proteome Research

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Commentary - Journal of Systems Biology & Proteome Research (2023) Volume 4, Issue 1

Comparison of Butyrivibrio's proteome and enzymatic profiles

The rumen microbiota is one of the most complex consortia of anaerobes, involving archaea, bacteria, protozoa, fungi and phages. They are very effective at utilizing plant polysaccharides, especially cellulose and hemicelluloses. The most important hemicellulose decomposers are clustered with the genus Butyrivibrio. As the related species differ in their range of hydrolytic activities and substrate preferences, Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens was selected as one of the most effective isolates and thus suitable for proteomic studies on substrate comparisons in the extracellular fraction. The B. fibrisolvens genome is the biggest in the butyrivibria cluster and is focused on “environmental information processing” and “carbohydrate metabolism”. Extracellular β-endoxylanase as well as xylan β-xylosidase activities were induced with xylan. The comparison of four carbon sources resulted in the main significant changes in B. fibrisolvens proteome occurring outside the fibrolytic cluster of proteins. The affected proteins mainly belonged to the glycolysis and protein synthesis cluster.

Author(s): Carole Taylor

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