Journal of Plant Biotechnology and Microbiology

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Short Communication - Journal of Plant Biotechnology and Microbiology (2020) Volume 0, Issue 0

Cochliobolus lunatus hypersensitivity in Mahogany leaves and its response to fungicide and biocontrol agent

Cochliobolus lunatus a severe foliar pathogen hypersensitivity activity was tested in Mahogany leaves and was analysed for their activity in response to preventative and curative treatments. Bio-agent Trichoderma harzianum spore suspension 2 x 106 and fungicide Dithane M-45 at 100ppm concentration was checked for its activity against the pathogen. Ten mycelia discs (5 mm) of the pathogen were placed to observe the hypersensitive activity. Control resulted in 100% infection by the pathogen. In curative treatment i.e. Pathogen application followed by the test agents, none of the treatments were found to control activity of the pathogen but for preventative treatment i.e. Test agents application followed by the pathogen, up to 50% management was observed for Trichoderma harzianum treated leaf samples and a 100% management was seen for chemical application. Leaf clearing technique displayed entry of the pathogen via stomata openings and severe tissue destruction. Preventative treatment revealed a surface competition between the antagonist and the pathogen resulting in the decrease in the incidence of the disease where as in response to fungicide treatment, a coating of fungicide was found to be clearly inhibiting the pathogen. Further study is needed to understand if any variations among the beneficial microbes in response to the bio-gent and fungicide are happening similarly an altered strategy by modifying bio-agent concentrations could replace chemical agents thereby enhancing bioagents application.

Author(s): Mr Bharath Nair

Abstract Full Text PDF