Current Pediatric Research

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +44-7482878454

Short Communication - Current Pediatric Research (2020) Volume 24, Issue 4

Cardiometabolic risk factors in Children with Celiac Disease on a gluten-free diet

Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated systemic condition evoked by gluten and related prolamines in genetically predisposed
subjects, characterized by a variable combination of clinical symptoms, CD-specific antibodies, HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 haplotypes,
and enteropathy. The only therapy is a life-long gluten free diet (GFD). Strict GFD adherence results in full clinical, serological and
histological remission, avoiding long-term complications in CD patients. However, gluten-free products have high levels of lipids,
sugar and salt to improve food palatability and consistency, and subjects with CD show an excessive consumption of hypercaloric
and hyperlipidic foods to compensate dietetic restriction. GFD may therefore have a negative impact on cardiometabolic risk factors
such as obesity, serum lipid levels, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and atherosclerosis. We analysed the current clinical
evidence on the impact of GFD on cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents with CD. The available literature shows
conflicting data: the majority of studies indicate changes in markers associated with cardiovascular risk. However, these variations do
not constantly point at a better or worse cardiovascular risk profile. Limitations of most studies comprise the relatively small sample
size, the cross-¬sectional design that does not permit comparison between pre-¬ and post¬-GFD values of the evaluated parameters,
and the absence of knowledge of familial history for CVD risk factors. Therefore, additional longitudinal, well¬ designed studies
involving a large number of children with long-¬term follow¬-up are necessary to clarify whether prolonged exposure to GFD
might result in an increased cardiometabolic risk. GFD remains the milestone of CD treatment. Nonetheless, an in-depth assessment
of nutritional status along with cardiometabolic screening in CD children at diagnosis and during GFD have to be recommended
because an early intervention may prevent cardiovascular morbidity. Dietary guidance over time, besides monitoring adherence to
GFD, may therefore be warranted in youths with CD.
Author(s): Francesca Olivero

Abstract Full Text PDF