Research Article - Biomedical Research (2019) Volume 30, Issue 3
Biomarker in insulin resistant and its complication.
Aims: In Type 2 diabetes, Insulin resistant leads microvascular and macrovascular complication. Early finding prevents from this complication and it is a challenging task. A decade research shows adiponectin may be a marker for insulin resistant. Increasing the level of adiponectin prevent the progression of insulin resistant (IR). In this research we are striving adiponectin as a biomarker for insulin resistant also associating the correlation with lipid parameter in the South Indian population. Methods: 30 Type 2 Diabetic patients, 20 Controls were studied. Fasting serum sample were used to measure Adiponectin, Insulin, Lipid parameters (Cholesterol, Triglyceride, HDL) Fasting plasma sample were used to measure Glucose. Anthropometric data including height, weight, BMI and were measured using a standard technique. Results: Wilcoxon signed rank test shows the significant variation between Adiponectin and other analytes. The reduction of mean adiponectin value observed in patient's sample compared to control sample. Insignificant negative correlation between Fasting blood sugar (FBS) and Adiponectin also negative correlation between Adiponectin and Insulin observed. In lipid parameters, significant positive correlation between Adiponectin and HDL and significant negative correlation between Adiponectin and triglyceride observed. Conclusion: Adiponectin might be a prediction for biomarker in Type 2 diabetes associated insulin resistant among South Indians also if test has been done with the high specificity and sensitivity ELISA kit it will improve the insignificant correlation to significant correlation.Author(s): N. Banu, K.S. Elango, A. Rajendran