Research Article - Biomedical Research (2018) Volume 29, Issue 7
An evaluation of migrants' mental health status and affecting factors in Bastam
Background and objectives: Migrants are considered as one of the groups at high risk of developing the disease. Moreover, mental health is one of the main problems facing them. The present study aims to evaluate migrants’ mental health status.
Methods: Three hundred migrants settled in Bastam are selected by multistage sampling to conduct this cross-sectional study in 2016. Data are collected by 28-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) and a questionnaire containing demographic characteristics. Data analysis is performed by statistical ttests, ANOVA, and regression analysis using SPSS 16 software program. Significance level is set at 0.05.
Results: Mean score of migrants’ mental health is 26.7 ± 0.86. About 44.7% of migrants enjoy good mental health and others are mentally disordered. Mental health subscales i.e. depression, anxiety, social dysfunction, and physical dysfunction are respectively seen among 9%, 9.7%, 6.1%, and 7% of migrants. The results show statistically significant association of mental health with gender, marital status, state of residence, education, employment status and type of migration (P<0.05).
Discussion: Given the high prevalence of mental disorders among migrants, it is suggested to design psychological programs, offer essential services to migrants, and conduct similar longitudinal studies in other areas.Author(s): Kourosh Holakouie Naieni, Mahshid Mojtahedzadeh Faghihi, Hojatollah Barati, Hamid Salehiniya, Yousef Khani