Opinion Article - Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Research (2023) Volume 6, Issue 1
Adrenocortical cancer: Overview and considerations.
Adrenocortical cancer is a rare and aggressive form of cancer that arises from the adrenal gland. This type of cancer can occur in individuals of all ages, although it is most commonly diagnosed in adults between the ages of 30 and 50. Adrenocortical cancer can be difficult to diagnose due to its rarity and non-specific symptoms, which can include abdominal pain, weight loss, and fatigue. The diagnosis of adrenocortical cancer typically involves a combination of imaging studies, blood tests, and biopsy. Treatment options for adrenocortical cancer depend on the stage and extent of the cancer, but may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Despite advances in treatment, the prognosis for adrenocortical cancer remains poor, with a five-year survival rate of approximately 30-40%. Several factors may increase an individual's risk of developing adrenocortical cancer, including a family history of the disease, certain genetic syndromes, and exposure to certain chemicals. As such, individuals with these risk factors may benefit from regular screening and surveillance. Overall, adrenocortical cancer is a rare and challenging disease that requires a multidisciplinary approach to management. Ongoing research and advances in understanding the biology of this cancer will be critical in improving outcomes for affected individuals.Author(s): Leo Brown