Research Article - Journal of Primary Care and General Practice (2020) Volume 3, Issue 3
A Job Stress, Coping Strategy and Associated Factors Among Nurses Working in Cancer Unit of Selected Governmental Hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2020: Cross-sectional Study.
Introduction: Job stress is one major health problem of nurses working in cancer units as they deal with a large number of patients with numerous conditions and work overload as the result high levels of an employee complaint, absence, high turnover, and decreased efficiency which compromises the provision of quality service to clients. Coping is a cognitive and behavioral effort one uses to face a stressful situation. Objective: To assess job stress, coping strategy, and associated factors among nurses working in cancer unit of selected governmental hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2020. Method: the institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March-April 2020. Structured self-administered questionnaires were conducted with the total sample size of 124 nurses working in cancer units of selected three governmental hospitals in Addis Ababa from March-April 2020. The data were entered and analyzed by the SPSS window software 25 version. Descriptive statistics such as frequency distribution and measure of central tendency and variability were computed. Bivariate and multiple logistic regressions were used to identify the association between dependent and independent variables. Result: A total of 124 nurses working in the cancer unit of public hospitals were given the questionnaire, and the response rate was 97.6 %. The study showed that 63(52%) of nurses had job stress whereas 58(48%) were not stressed. Dealing with the death, workload, and uncertainty concerning treatment are the most sources of stress with average means 2.9, 2.73, and 267 respectively. Individual factors like respondents? sex (AOR 0.33,95%, CI: 0.167-.0.882) was significantly associated with job- related stress score. Individual factors like respondents? sex were significantly associated with overall job-related stress scores. Conclusion and recommendations: Uncomfortable physical conditions, job demands and social interaction at work contribute to induce job-related stress as the results negatively affect the working environment. The basis for developing positive working environment, quality health care service particularly quality nursing care in general improves health care services. Author(s): Teshome Habte, Redwan Amduka, Daneil Mengistu
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