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Retrospective assessment of 173 patients diagnosed with preeclampsia (in-cluding eclampsia): A study of 6 years

Preeclampsia is a multisystemic, multiphasic, multitheoretical and preventable disorder de-teriorating both mother and child’s health. One hundred seventy three preeclampsia (in-cluding eclampsia) cases admitted to our clinic evaluated retrospectively between 1996 and 2002, in Izmir, Turkey, which is a socioeconomically challenged country. 66.5% of patients were primiparas. Mean gestational week was 35.8 ± 4.75. According to the gestational week, 60.1% were preterm (<38th week), 37.6% term (38-40th week) and 2.3% postmature (>40th week). Mean arterial pressure levels were 126±4.9 mmHg before treatment and 98.2±11.7 mmHg after treatment. An associated edema was found in 85.5% and proteinuria in 80.4% of patients. After treatment, 60.1% of patients had recovered. Caesarean section delivery incidence was 37.6%. Early diagnosis of preeclampsia is essential for the diminu-tion of perinatal mortality, especially where dominate poor socioeconomic conditions exist.

Author(s): Berna Erdo?mu?, Haluk Mergen, Hüseyin Ivit, Atilla Köksal