- Biomedical Research (2013) Volume 24, Issue 3
Orbitofacial anthropometric assessment of inter-canthal and outercanthal distance measurement in Chhattisgarh region.
Orbitofacial anthropometrics have become an important tool used for diagnosis of many dysmorphic syndrome by genetic counselor and in reconstructive surgery. The study comprises of 1000 subjects (ages between 7 to 40 years) (515 males and 485 females) resident of Chhattisgarh region. Measurements of inner canthal distance (ICD) and outer canthal distance (OCD) were performed by Vernier caliper. In male, the mean values of ICD and OCD observed among children (age 7-14 years) were 30.53mm and 92.57 mm respectively; in young adults (age >14 to 25 years) were 31.82 mm and 95.69mm respectively; and in adults (age >25 to 40 years) were 32.50mm and 96.10mm respectively. In female, the mean values of ICD and OCD observed among children (age 7-14 years) were 30.44mm and 91.89 mm respectively; in young adults (age >14 to 25 years) were 31.70 mm and 94.16mm respectively; and in adults (age >25 to 40 years) were 32.00mm and 94.40mm respectively. All the measured parameters were found increasing between 7 to 25 years and the maximum growth in ICD and OCD were found in between 8 and 9 year in both sexes. All parameters measured were higher in males than in females, but the difference was not statistically significant.Author(s): Agrawal J, Yogesh AS, Shukla CK, Banerjee C, Chandrakar AK