Review Article - Journal of Bacteriology and Infectious Diseases (2018) Volume 2, Issue 1
Implication of female genital mutilation in Nigeria as portal for infectious diseases.
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) also called female circumcision or female genital cutting is a fundamental violation of the womanhood accounting for about 55% of the female right abuse all over the globe. This act can apparently create a pathway for infectious diseases to thrive into the female genitalia as well as other parts of the body, thereby resulting into a serious health complication. This review therefore focused on the implication of FGM in Nigeria as portal for infectious diseases and how to curb this act. From this study, FGM is mostly practiced in the African countries with highest prevalence recorded in Nigeria and the act is still in practice in some societies despite efforts to eradicate it. The study also showed that FGM can induce sexually transmitted infections, pelvic inflammatory diseases as well as recurring urinary tract infection. This therefore recommends that thorough sensitization exercise should be carried out in both urban and rural area against FGM as regards to its health impact on girl child and in order to protect the female right in the society as well as enhancing national economic growth and development.Author(s): Abbas Abel Anzaku*, Abel Gladys Angbalaga, Ale Cecilia Achetu, Akharenegbe Pedro, Oche Daniel Idibiah, Okezue Chukwuemeka James.