Women who inject drugs: Investigate the barriers accessing the harm reduction services and evaluation of services from the perspective of the women who inject drugs
Joint Event on 3rd International Conference on Spine and Spine Disorders & International Conference on Addiction Research and Therapy
November 26-27, 2018 | Dubai, UAE
Ilia State University, Georgia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts : J Neurol Neurorehabil Res
Aim: Stigmatization, vulnerability and high risk for spreading of
blood bore infections, this are the least outcomes for people
injecting drugs. In 2014, the study in Georgia for estimation of
size of Injecting Drug Users (IDU) showed that the number of
IDUs made up 49,700 individuals - (49,208 – 50,192) for the
general population. We don’t know the exact number of WWID.
No female-oriented drug treatment programs are available
in Georgia. As a result, females constitute only about 1-4% of
patients in drug treatment facilities. The study aims to investigate
the barriers accessing the harm reduction services for WWID
evaluation of services from the perspective of WWID and identify
their needs and gaps to help them access the existing services.
Method: We conducted individual qualitative interviews and focus groups discussions with Georgian WWID in order to characterize need, treatment or service satisfaction. 2 focus groups and 14 in-depth interviews in 6 different cities of Georgia. All interviews and focus group discussions were voice-recorded, transcribed and analyzed with the qualitative software Nvivo 11.
Results: Results showed that WWID are one of the most vulnerable and most stigmatized groups in Georgia. Factors that infringe on WWID’ rights and reduce their access to health care include punitive policies, discrimination by police, health care providers and by their peer male drug users. The intense social stigma attached to drug use by women, an absence of sexual and reproductive health services and general poor access to effective drug treatment. Conclusions: Study shows the necessity for women-oriented harm reduction services. Specific treatment and consultation centers are required for high risk pregnant women. Spreading positive massages throughout society to reduce stigma is vital Improve referral system for harm reduction facilities. Improve geographical and financial arability. It is crucial to implement comprehensive harm reduction interventions in women’s prisons.