Journal of Psychology and Cognition

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Opinion Article - Journal of Psychology and Cognition (2023) Volume 8, Issue 1

Understanding of child developmental psychology and their abnormal behaviour.

Xiao Wang*

School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China

Corresponding Author:
Xiao Wang
School of Psychology and Cognitive Science
East China Normal University, Shanghai, China

Received: 02-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AAJPC-23-86917; Editor assigned: 03-Jan-2023; PreQC NO. AAJPC-23-86917 (PQ); Reviewed: 17-Feb-2023, QC No. AAJPC-23-86917; Revised: 21-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AAJPC-23-86917 (R); Published: 28-Jan-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aajpc-8.1.162

Citation: Wang X. Understanding of child developmental psychology and their abnormal behaviour. J Psychol Cognition. 2023;8(1):162

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One of the various subfields of psychology is child psychology. This particular field is concerned with how children think and behave from conception through puberty. Child psychology examines not only a child's physical development but also their mental, emotional, and social growth. In the past, kids were frequently just seen as miniature replicas of adults. Experts disagree on some of the more important issues in child psychology, such as whether early experiences matter more than later ones or whether nature or nurture plays a greater role in development. Albert einstein declared that the discovery that children actually think differently than adults was "so simple that only a genius could have thought of it.


Psychology, Child development, Self-esteem, Genetics.


It should come as no surprise that childhood has become such a hot topic in psychology, sociology, and education given how crucial a role it plays in how the rest of life develops. Experts concentrate not only on the numerous aspects that contribute to a child's normal growth but also on those that may cause psychological issues in children. Child psychologists who work to assist children in developing and growing in ways that are healthy and acceptable are very interested in a variety of topics, including self-esteem, school, parenting, societal pressures, and others. If you're like most people, you probably consider the internal variables that affect a child's development, such genetics and personality traits. However, factors that come from within an individual are only a small part of what development entails. Environmental elements, such as social ties and the culture we live in are also crucial. We must take into account three main contexts while analysing child psychology. Cultural background is child's culture imparts a set of beliefs, norms, and ways of life that have an impact on their development over the course of their lifetime [1,2].

The way children interact with their parents, the kind of schooling they receive, and the kind of childcare they receive may all be influenced by culture. Social situation is children's thinking, learning, and development is influenced by their relationships with peers and adults. Peer groups, schools, and families are all significant components of the social context. Socioeconomic situation is the growth of children that can also be greatly influenced by social class. Socioeconomic status (commonly abbreviated as SES) is determined by a variety of criteria, such as the level of education, income, and type of employment a person has. Child psychology encompasses a wide range of topics, from the genetic influences on behaviour to the social pressures on development. The following are just some of the major subjects that are essential to the study of child psychology: cognitive development, environmental influences, gender roles, genetics, language, personality, development, prenatal development, social growth, sexual development, child psychologists, for example, might look at which child care settings and practices lead to the best psychological outcomes or they might work with kids to help them develop growth mindsets [3,4].

Theories of child development concentrate on describing how kids adapt and develop throughout infancy. These ideas focus on the social, emotional, and cognitive development of individuals. Human development is a broad and fascinating field of research. We all have personal growth experiences, but it can be challenging to comprehend how and why people develop, learn, and behave the way they do. It ss their behaviour influenced by their temperaments, family dynamics, or age? Such inquiries are addressed by developmental psychologists, who also work to comprehend, justify, and forecast behaviours that arise across the lifespan [5].


A variety of distinct theories of child development have emerged to explain various aspects of human development, including various aspects of human growth. Child development that takes place from birth to maturity has received little attention for a vast portion of human history. Children were frequently treated as miniature versions of adults, with little consideration given to the numerous improvements in cognitive functioning, linguistic proficiency, and physical development that take place during childhood and adolescence. Early in the 20th century, interest in the study of child development finally started to grow, but it tended to concentrate on abnormal behaviour. Over time, researches developed a growing interest in other areas, such as typical child development and developmental effects.


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