Journal of Primary Care and General Practice

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +44-1518-081136

Mini Review - Journal of Primary Care and General Practice (2023) Volume 6, Issue 4

The Impact of Exercise and Physical Activity on Health

Josep Nelson*

Department of Physical education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China

Corresponding Author:
Josep Nelson
Department of Physical education
Beijing Normal University, Beijing

Received: 07-July-2023, Manuscript No. AAPCGP-23-105284; Editor assigned: 08-July-2023, PreQC No. AAPCGP-23-105284 (PQ); Reviewed: 22-July-2023, QC No. AAPCGP-23-105284; Revised: 24-July-2023, Manuscript No. AAPCGP-23-105284 (R); Published: 31-July-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aapcgp-6.4.156

Citation: Nelson J. The Impact of Exercise and Physical Activity on Health. J Prim Care Gen Pract. 2023;6(4):156

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Primary Care and General Practice


Exercise and physical activity are crucial components of a healthy lifestyle and have a profound impact on overall health and well-being. Engaging in regular physical activity not only helps maintain weight but also strengthens the cardiovascular system, enhances mental well-being, boosts immune function, and reduces the risk of chronic diseases. This article explores the extensive benefits of exercise and physical activity on health, emphasizing the importance of incorporating regular movement into daily life. Exercise and physical activity promote cardiovascular health by strengthening the heart, improving blood circulation, and reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases [1]. Key benefits include:

Lowering Blood Pressure:Regular physical activity helps reduce high blood pressure and maintain optimal blood pressure levels.Strengthening the Heart: Aerobic exercises, such as brisk walking jogging, or cycling, strengthen the heart muscle, improve its efficiency, and reduce the risk of heart disease. Enhancing Circulation: Exercise improves blood flow, promotes the growth of new blood vessels, and reduces the risk of conditions like atherosclerosis and peripheral artery disease [2].

Exercise and physical activity play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy weight and preventing obesity-related conditions. Key benefits include: Burning Calories: Regular exercise helps burn calories, aiding in weight management and preventing weight gain. Boosting Metabolism: Physical activity increases metabolic rate, allowing the body to burn more calories even at rest. Preserving Lean Muscle Mass: Exercise helps preserve and build lean muscle mass, which contributes to a higher metabolic rate [3].

Exercise and physical activity have a profound impact on mental health, promoting positive mood, reducing stress, and improving cognitive function. Key benefits include: Reducing Anxiety and Depression: Regular physical activity releases endorphins, neurotransmitters that improve mood and reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression. Enhancing Brain Function: Exercise increases blood flow and oxygenation to the brain, improving cognitive function, memory, and concentration. Stress Reduction: Physical activity acts as a natural stress reliever, reducing the impact of stress on mental health and promoting relaxation [4].

Regular exercise and physical activity significantly reduce the risk of various chronic diseases and conditions. Key benefits include: Lowering the Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases: Exercise reduces the risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. Preventing Type 2 Diabetes: Physical activity improves insulin sensitivity, helps maintain healthy blood sugar levels, and reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes. Cancer Prevention: Regular exercise is associated with a lower risk of certain cancers, including breast, colon, lung, and prostate cancer. Osteoporosis Prevention: Weightbearing exercises, such as walking or strength training, help build bone density and reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

Engaging in regular physical activity is linked to increased longevity and improved overall quality of life. Key benefits include: Enhanced Longevity: Regular exercise is associated with a reduced risk of premature death and increased life expectancy. Improved Functional Abilities: Exercise helps maintain strength, flexibility, and mobility, allowing individuals to perform daily activities with ease [5].


Exercise and physical activity are essential for maintaining optimal health and well-being. The extensive benefits of regular physical activity include improved cardiovascular health, weight management, enhanced mental well-being, reduced risk of chronic diseases, increased longevity, and improved quality of life. Incorporating physical activity into daily life doesn't have to be complicated. Simple activities like walking, gardening, or dancing can make a significant difference in health outcomes. By prioritizing regular exercise and physical activity, individuals can take control of their health, prevent disease, and enjoy a higher quality of life. It's never too late to start reaping the benefits of exercise, and even small changes can have a significant impact. So, lace up your sneakers, find activities you enjoy, and make physical activity a lifelong habit for a healthier, happier you.


  1. Tomlinson OW, Denford S, Barker AR,et al. The impact of physical activity and exercise interventions for physical health in people with cystic fibrosis: protocol for a systematic review. Syst. Rev. 2021;10:1-6.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Powell-Wiley TM, Martinez MF, Tamura K,et al. The Impact of a Place-Tailored Digital Health App Promoting Exercise Classes on African American Women’s Physical Activity and Obesity: Simulation Study. J Med Internet Res. 2022;24(8):e30581.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Cardoso DF, Marques EA, Leal DV,et al. Impact of physical activity and exercise on bone health in patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review of observational and experimental studies. BMC nephr. 2020;21:1-1.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. O’Brien KK, Davis AM, Chan Carusone S,et al. Examining the impact of a community-based exercise intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness, cardiovascular health, strength, flexibility and physical activity among adults living with HIV: a three-phased intervention study. PloS one. 2021;16(9):e0257639.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Herrmann D, Hebestreit A, Ahrens W. Impact of physical activity and exercise on bone health in the life course: a review. Federal Health Bulletin. 2012;55:35-54.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App