Opinion Article - Journal of Dermatology Research and Skin Care (2023) Volume 7, Issue 6
Strategies effective on treatment on managing atopic dermatitis.
Department of Dermatology, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mary Jennifer
Department of Dermatology
University of Sydney
Received:25-Nov-2023,Manuscript No. AADRSC-23-116013; Editor assigned: 27-Nov-2023, PreQC No. AADRSC-23-116013(PQ); Reviewed:11-Dec-2023, QC No. AADRSC-23-116013; Revised:16-Dec-2023, Manuscript No. AADRSC-23-116013(R); Published:23 -Dec-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aadrsc- 7.5.178
Citation: Jennifer M. Strategies effective on treatment on managing atopic dermatitis. Dermatol Res Skin Care. 2023; 7(6):178
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Topical corticosteroids are often the first line of defense against atopic dermatitis. They work by reducing inflammation and itching. These medications are classified into various strengths, from mild to potent, and should be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider. Prolonged or inappropriate use of potent steroids can lead to side effects like skin thinning and discoloration.
Topical calcineurin inhibitor
Another class of topical medications includes calcineurin inhibitors like tacrolimus and pimecrolimus. These are particularly useful for sensitive areas such as the face and neck, where the skin is thinner and more prone to side effects associated with topical steroids. These inhibitors work by reducing inflammation and can be used for both short-term and long-term management .
Emollients and moisturizers
Proper skin hydration is crucial in managing atopic dermatitis. Emollients and moisturizers help repair the skin barrier, reduce dryness, and prevent flare-ups. Look for products that are fragrance-free, hypoallergenic, and suitable for sensitive skin. Apply them liberally after bathing to lock in moisture.
Antihistamines, such as cetirizine and diphenhydramine, can help relieve itching associated with atopic dermatitis. They are available in both over-the-counter and prescription forms. While they can provide relief, they do not address the underlying cause of the condition .
In severe cases where topical treatments and antihistamines are insufficient, systemic medications may be prescribed. These can include oral corticosteroids, cyclosporine, or methotrexate. However, these options are typically reserved for short-term use due to potential side effects and risks associated with long-term.
Phototherapy involves exposing the skin to ultraviolet (UV) light under controlled conditions. This treatment can help reduce inflammation and itching in some individuals with atopic dermatitis. Phototherapy is usually administered under medical supervision, and its effectiveness varies from person to person .
Alternative treatment approaches
In addition to conventional treatments, some individuals explore alternative therapies to manage atopic dermatitis. While these approaches may not have as much scientific backing as conventional treatments, they can still be beneficial for some people. Always consult with a healthcare provider before trying any alternative treatments.
Natural remedies .
Some studies suggest that probiotics, which promote a healthy gut microbiome, may help reduce the severity of atopic dermatitis. Probiotic supplements or probiotic-rich foods like yogurt can be considered as part of a holistic approach to managing the condition.
Certain herbal supplements, such as evening primrose oil and chamomile, are believed to have anti-inflammatory properties that may benefit those with atopic dermatitis. However, their efficacy varies, and it's essential to consult with a healthcare provider before adding any supplements to your regimen .
Acupuncture and traditional chinese medicine
Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) may offer relief from atopic dermatitis symptoms for some individuals. TCM practitioners use a holistic approach to address imbalances in the body that may contribute to skin issues.
Lifestyle changes and self-care
In addition to medical treatments and alternative therapies, making lifestyle changes and practicing self-care can significantly impact the management of atopic dermatitis. Avoid triggers: Identifying and avoiding triggers that exacerbate your eczema is essential. Common triggers include certain foods, allergens, harsh soaps, and environmental factors like extreme temperatures. Keeping a diary can help you track flare-ups and identify potential triggers .
Gentle skincare routine
Adopt a gentle skincare routine that minimizes irritation. Use mild, fragrance-free soaps and detergents. Avoid hot showers and opt for lukewarm water instead. Pat your skin dry rather than rubbing it.
Moisturizing is crucial for maintaining healthy skin. Apply a moisturizer immediately after bathing to lock in moisture. Consider using emollients or products specifically formulated for sensitive skin. Wearing loose-fitting, breathable clothing made from natural fabrics like cotton can reduce friction and irritation on the skin. Avoid wearing wool or synthetic materials, which can exacerbate symptoms .
Medical research is continuously evolving, and new treatments for atopic dermatitis are under development. Some emerging therapies show promise in providing additional options for those with severe or treatment-resistant eczema.
Dupilumab is a monoclonal antibody that targets specific immune system proteins involved in the inflammation associated with atopic dermatitis. It has been approved for moderate to severe eczema and has shown significant efficacy in clinical trials .
Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors are oral medications that block certain immune signals responsible for inflammation. Some JAK inhibitors are being investigated for their potential to treat atopic dermatitis.
Crisaborole is a non-steroidal topical medication that has been approved for the treatment of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis. It works by reducing inflammation and may be an alternative to topical steroids.
Biologic medications are under investigation for their potential use in atopic dermatitis. These drugs target specific molecules involved in the immune response, offering a targeted approach to treatment .
Managing atopic dermatitis can be a challenging journey, but with the right combination of treatments and lifestyle adjustments, individuals can find relief from its symptoms. Conventional treatments like topical steroids and emollients, as well as alternative therapies such as natural remedies and acupuncture, can be part of a comprehensive approach to managing the condition. In recent years, emerging therapies like dupilumab and JAK inhibitors have offered hope for individuals with severe atopic dermatitis. However, it's essential to work closely with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your specific case, as atopic dermatitis varies greatly among individuals. Remember that atopic dermatitis is a chronic condition, and there is no one-size-fits-all solution. Consistent self-care, a focus on triggers, and staying informed about the latest treatment options are key elements in successfully managing this condition and improving the overall quality of life for those affected by it.
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