Commentary - Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Diagnosis and Therapy (2021) Volume 6, Issue 3
Soil Transmitted Disease: Helminths.
Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STHs) are a major group of infectious pathogens that are responsible for a number of critical worldwide health issues. Roundworms (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworms (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworms are the most common STHs. Around the world, 804 million individuals are afflicted with roundworms, 477 million with whipworms, and 472 million with hookworms, according to estimates. These parasites are spread by human faeces containing eggs contaminating the soil, and are then acquired through ingestion or skin penetration, as in the case of hookworm larvae. As a result, they primarily affect children in low-income communities with poor sanitation and hygiene or insufficient access to safe and clean water. At least one species of this group of infections has infected over a billion people worldwide.