Editorial - Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Diagnosis and Therapy (2021) Volume 6, Issue 3
Parasites Transmission through Global Changes.
Infections with parasites are common in animal, cattle, and human populations, and parasite rich habitats are common. Their negative consequences, on the other hand, can be devastating. Understanding how predicted and cryptic changes in a system affect parasite transmission at the individual, local, and global levels is crucial for long term human and cattle management. We present information on the possible impacts of ‘system changes' (both climatic and anthropogenic) on parasite transmission from natural host-parasite systems. Such data could help develop more effective and long lasting parasite control programmes for domestic animals and humans. Many examples from a variety of terrestrial and aquatic natural systems demonstrate how abiotic and biotic elements influenced by system changes can interact additively, multiplicatively, or antagonistically to influence parasite transmission, such as changing habitat structure, biodiversity, host demography, and evolution. Despite this, few studies of managed systems explicitly include these higher order interactions, as well as the subsequent consequences of parasite development, which can obscure or exaggerate measured control effects.