Journal of Primary Care and General Practice

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +44-1518-081136

Mini Review - Journal of Primary Care and General Practice (2023) Volume 6, Issue 2

Pain management: Effective strategies for a better quality of life.

Spiros Nikolas*

Department of Research, Studies and Documentation, National Public Health Organization, Athens, Greece

*Corresponding Author:
Spiros Nikolas
Department of Research
Studies and Documentation
National Public Health Organization
Athens, Greece

Received: 22-Feb-2023, Manuscript No. AAPCGP-23-91886; Editor assigned: 23-Feb-2023, PreQC No. AAPCGP-23-91886(PQ); Reviewed: 08-Mar-2023, QC No. AAPCGP-23-91886; Revised: 13-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. AAPCGP-23-91886(R); Published: 18-Mar-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aapcgp-6.2.137

Citation: Nikolas S. Pain management: Effective strategies for a better quality of life. J Prim Care Gen Pract. 2023;6(2):137

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Primary Care and General Practice

Pain is a complex and subjective experience that can impact a person's physical, emotional, and mental well-being. It can be acute or chronic, mild or severe, and can arise from a variety of sources, including injuries, surgeries, medical conditions, and psychological factors. Managing pain effectively is essential for improving a person's quality of life and promoting their overall health and well-being. There are several approaches to pain management, ranging from traditional medication to alternative therapies. The following are some of the most common methods of pain management. Medication is the pain medications can help relieve acute or chronic pain. Overthe- counter (OTC) medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can be used for mild to moderate pain. Prescription medications, including opioids, can be used for more severe pain. However, opioids can be addictive and have other risks and side effects, so they should be used under close medical supervision. Physical therapy can help relieve pain by improving flexibility, strength, and mobility. It may involve exercises, stretches, and other techniques to help reduce pain and improve function [1].

Massage therapyis can help relieve muscle tension and improve circulation, which can help reduce pain. It may be particularly effective for musculoskeletal pain, such as back pain and neck pain. Acupuncture involves the insertion of thin needles into specific points on the body to relieve pain. It is thought to work by stimulating the release of natural painkillers in the body, such as endorphins. Chiropractic care involves the manipulation of the spine and other joints to help relieve pain and improve function. It may be particularly effective for musculoskeletal pain, such as back pain [2].

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that helps people identify and change negative thoughts and behaviors that may be contributing to their pain. It can help people learn coping skills to manage their pain and improve their overall quality of life. Mind-body techniques: Mindbody techniques, such as meditation, yoga, and relaxation techniques, can help reduce stress and tension, which can help reduce pain. They may also help improve mood and overall well-being. Surgery may be necessary for some types of pain, such as pain caused by injuries or medical conditions. However, surgery is typically a last resort and should only be considered after other options have been explored. It's important to note that pain management should be tailored to the individual's needs and circumstances. What works for one person may not work for another. Additionally, pain management should be approached holistically, addressing physical, emotional, and psychological factors that may be contributing to the pain [3].

Stay active - Physical activity, such as exercise and stretching, can help relieve pain by improving flexibility, strength, and mobility. It can also help reduce stress and tension. Practice relaxation techniques - Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, meditation, and yoga, can help reduce stress and tension, which can help reduce pain. Get enough sleep - Adequate sleep is essential for overall health and well-being. It can also help reduce pain by allowing the body to rest and heal [4].

Eat a healthy diet - A healthy diet can help reduce inflammation in the body, which can contribute to pain. It can also help promote overall health and well-being. Seek support - Pain can be isolating and challenging to deal with on your own. Seeking support from family, friends, or a support group can help you cope with the pain and improve your overall wellbeing [5].


  1. Korpi-Hyovalti E, Heinonen S, Schwab U.Effect of intensive counselling on physical activity in pregnant women at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. A clinical study in primary care. Prim Care Diabetes. 2012;6(4):261-8.
  2. Indexed at,Google Scholar,Cross Ref

  3. Ferrell BR, Temel JS, Temin S, et al.Integration of palliative care into standard oncology care: American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical practice guideline update. J Clin Oncol. 2017;35(1):96-112.
  4. Indexed at,Google Scholar,Cross Ref

  5. Ghosh A, Dzeng E, Cheng MJ.Interaction of palliative care and primary care. Clin Geriatr Med. 2015;31(2):207-18.
  6. Indexed at,Google Scholar,Cross Ref

  7. Ballou JH, Brasel KJ.Palliative care and geriatric surgery. Clin Geriatr Med. 2019;35(1):35-44.
  8. Indexed at,Google Scholar,Cross Ref

  9. Walley AY, Palmisano J, Sorensen-Alawad A.Engagement and substance dependence in a primary care-based addiction treatment program for people infected with HIV and people at high-risk for HIV infection. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2015;59:59-66.
  10. Indexed at,Google Scholar,Cross Ref

Get the App