Journal of Oral Medicine and Surgery

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +441518081136

Mini Review - Journal of Oral Medicine and Surgery (2023) Volume 6, Issue 3

Oral medicine and surgery: current challenges and future directions

Dana Rad*

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, United States

Corresponding Author:
Dana Rad
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
United States.

Received: 20-Apr-2023, Manuscript No. AAOMT-23-100565; Editor assigned: 21-Apr-2023, PreQC No. AAOMT-23-100565 (PQ); Reviewed: 05-May-2023, QC No. AAOMT-23-100565; Revised: 09-May-2023, Manuscript No. AAOMT-23-100565 (R); Published: 16-May-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aaomt - 6.3.143

Citation: Rad D. Oral medicine and surgery: Current challenges and future directions. J Oral Medicine Surgery. 2023;6(3):143

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Oral Medicine and Surgery


Oral medicine and surgery are dynamic specialties that encompass the diagnosis and treatment of various oral and maxillofacial conditions. This abstract aims to highlight the current challenges faced in the field of oral medicine and surgery and explore potential future directions for advancements. The integration of advanced imaging techniques, such as cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and molecular diagnostics holds promise for improving diagnostic accuracy and facilitating early intervention. The impact of systemic diseases on oral health is also discussed in the abstract. Conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and autoimmune disorders can significantly affect oral health and require tailored treatment approaches.


Special populations, Paediatric patients, Elderly individuals, Disabilities, Systemic diseases.


Oral medicine and surgery encompass a broad spectrum of diagnostic and treatment procedures for oral and maxillofacial conditions. While advancements have been made in these fields, several challenges persist. This article aims to explore the current challenges faced in oral medicine and surgery and discuss potential future directions for advancements.

Diagnosis Challenges

One of the primary challenges in oral medicine and surgery is the accurate diagnosis of oral diseases. Many oral conditions present with nonspecific symptoms, making diagnosis complex. However, advancements in imaging techniques, such as cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), have improved diagnostic capabilities by providing detailed three-dimensional images of the oral and maxillofacial structures. Additionally, the development of molecular diagnostics holds promise for enhanced accuracy in identifying specific oral diseases, allowing for targeted treatment approaches [1].

Management of Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma

Another significant challenge in oral medicine and surgery is the management of oral and maxillofacial trauma. These injuries can be complex and require a comprehensive treatment approach involving multiple disciplines. Collaboration between oral and maxillofacial surgeons, plastic surgeons, and other specialists is crucial for optimal outcomes. Standardized protocols, improved surgical techniques, and advancements in tissue engineering hold potential for improving treatment outcomes and enhancing the restoration of functional and aesthetic aspects of the oral region.

Oral Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment

Oral cancer poses a significant challenge in oral medicine and surgery. Early detection is crucial for improving survival rates, but many cases are diagnosed at advanced stages. Advancements in imaging modalities, such as optical coherence tomography and fluorescence imaging, show promise in detecting precancerous and early cancerous lesions. Additionally, the identification of molecular markers and genetic abnormalities associated with oral cancer may provide valuable diagnostic and prognostic information. Furthermore, the development of personalized medicine approaches, including targeted therapies and immunotherapies, may revolutionize the treatment of oral cancer, improving patient outcomes [2].

Impact of Systemic Diseases on Oral Health

Systemic diseases can significantly impact oral health, posing challenges for oral medicine and surgery. Conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and autoimmune disorders can manifest in oral manifestations, requiring tailored treatment approaches. Collaboration between oral medicine specialists and medical professionals is essential to provide comprehensive care for patients with systemic diseases. Integrated treatment strategies that address both the systemic condition and its oral manifestations can improve patient outcomes and overall health [3].

Dental Care for Special Populations

Providing dental care to special populations, such as paediatric patients, elderly individuals, and those with disabilities, presents unique challenges. Pediatric patients may require specialized techniques and a child-friendly approach to ensure their comfort and cooperation during treatment. For the elderly, age-related oral health issues and medical comorbidities must be considered. Individuals with disabilities may have physical, cognitive, or sensory limitations that necessitate adapted treatment approaches. Tailored strategies and interdisciplinary collaboration are necessary to meet the unique needs of these populations and ensure access to quality oral healthcare [4].

Future Directions

Looking ahead, several future directions can help address the current challenges in oral medicine and surgery. Continued advancements in imaging techniques, such as the integration of artificial intelligence algorithms for image analysis, may further enhance diagnostic accuracy. The development of minimally invasive surgical techniques and regenerative approaches, including tissue engineering and stem cell therapy, holds promise for optimizing outcomes in oral and maxillofacial trauma cases. Additionally, the advent of personalized medicine, leveraging genetic and molecular markers, may allow for more targeted and effective treatment of oral diseases.

Collaboration between oral medicine specialists, maxillofacial surgeons, medical professionals, and researchers will be essential for further advancements in the field. Multidisciplinary teams can combine their expertise to develop comprehensive treatment approaches and address the complexities of oral diseases and their systemic implications [5].


Oral medicine and surgery face various challenges, including accurate diagnosis, trauma management, oral cancer treatment, systemic disease impact, and specialized dental care for different populations. However, through continued research, technological advancements, and interdisciplinary collaboration, these challenges can be overcome. The future of oral medicine and surgery holds great promise, with advancements in imaging, regenerative medicine, personalized approaches, and collaborative care leading to improved outcomes for patients. By addressing the current challenges and embracing future directions, the field can continue to evolve and provide optimal oral healthcare to individuals worldwide.


  1. Podboy A, Hwang JH, Nguyen LA, et al. Gastric per-oral endoscopic myotomy: current status and future directions. World J Gastroenterol. 2019;25(21):2581.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Huang M, Huang Y, Hongyu LI, et al. Hydrogels for Treatment of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases: Current Research, Challenge, and Future Directions. Biomater Sci. 2022.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Allen BN, Wang Q, Filali Y, et al. Full-Thickness Oral Mucoperiosteal Defects: Challenges and Opportunities. Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2022;28(4):813-29.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Jackson CJ, Myklebust Ern
Get the App