Journal of Psychology and Cognition

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +441518081136

Short Communication - Journal of Psychology and Cognition (2022) Volume 7, Issue 7

Normalized patients in clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy: A scoping review of barriers and facilitators for implementation.

Paul Gilbert *

Centre for Compassion Research and Training, College of Health and Social Care Research Centre, University of Derby, UK

*Corresponding Author:
Paul Gilbert
Centre for Compassion Research and Training, College of Health and Social Care Research Centre,
University of Derby, UK

Received: 24-June-2022, Manuscript No. AAJPC-22-69529; Editor assigned: 01-July-2022; PreQC NO. AAJPC-22-69529PQ); Reviewed: 15-July-2022, QC No. AAJPC-22-69529; Revised: 20-July-2022, Manuscript No. AAJPC-22-69529 (R); Published: 27-July-2022, DOI: 10.35841/AAJPC-7.135

Citation: Gilbert P. Normalized Patients in Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy: a Scoping Review of Barriers and Facilitators for Implementation. J Psychol Cognition. 2022;7(7):135

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Psychology and Cognition


A study of significant obstacles to clinical psychology's translational research results in the presentation of a new paradigm and a discussion of potential remedies. In order to establish the causality of psychopathological mechanisms, experimental psychopathology research should be given more attention. Other recommendations include a more systematic structural integration of basic and applied clinical psychology research, a stronger emphasis on mechanisms of change and moderators of clinical interventions, increased attention to clinical subgroups, and emphasizing improvements to current intervention methods. Improvement of clinical practice (e.g., By creating new interventions or increasing their effectiveness) based on a better comprehension of the fundamental mechanisms underlying psychopathology is a core objective of basic research in clinical psychology.


Clinical Psychology, Psychotherapy, psychopathology, Implementation.


According to the accepted theory of contemporary clinical psychology, basic research into the mechanisms underlying the emergence and maintenance of psychopathology is required in order to create novel psychological interventions and/or further enhance currently used evidence-based treatments for mental disorders (Clark & Fairburn, 1997; Davey, 2014; Kring, Johnson, Davison, & Neale, 2017; Oltmanns & Canstonguay, 2013). Clinical psychology has undergone a lot of basic study during the last few decades. The current paper's objectives are to: critically assess the evidence that basic research can produce psychological treatments for mental disorders that are more effective; review barriers to the application of basic research findings to clinical innovation and discuss potential fixes for the translational gap [1].


It is crucial to clarify these categories before examining whether, how frequently, and under what circumstances basic research improves psychological treatments for mental diseases. For the sake of this review, basic clinical psychology research is broadly defined as any sort of psychological research looking into processes that contribute to the emergence and/or maintenance of psychopathology at any level of explanation [2].

Do advances in psychological therapy result from basic research?

As was already said, the conventional narrative in clinical psychology holds that more effective psychological therapies for mental disorders can be developed through basic research understanding the mechanisms underlying the emergence and/ or maintenance of psychopathology [3]. We will investigate the historical support for this assertion in this section. In order to achieve this, we chose the five categories of mental problems that, based on the Global Burden of Disease Study, are most strongly linked to disease [4].


Different objectives are served by basic clinical psychology research. The ultimate goal is to enhance clinical practice, which is perhaps one of the most crucial objectives. Therefore, it is crucial to assess the history of basic research objectively in order to accomplish this goal. Only some evidence-based treatments are actually grounded in basic research, which is significant evidence for a translational gap in our analysis of the literature [5].


  1. Cook SC, Schwartz AC, Kaslow NJ. Evidence-based psychotherapy: Advantages and challenges. Neurotherapeutics. 2017;14(3):537-45.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Miklowitz DJ, Efthimiou O, Furukawa TA, et al. Adjunctive psychotherapy for bipolar disorder: a systematic review and component network meta-analysis. JAMA Psych. 2021;78(2):141-50.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Cuijpers P, Karyotaki E, Eckshtain D, et al. Psychotherapy for depression across different age groups: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Psychiatry. 2020;77(7):694-702.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. van Bronswijk S, Moopen N, Beijers L, et al. Effectiveness of psychotherapy for treatment-resistant depression: a meta-analysis and meta-regression. Psyc med. 2019;49(3):366-79.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Gilbert P. Psychotherapy for the 21st century: An integrative, evolutionary, contextual, biopsychosocial approach. Psychol Psychother. 2019;92(2):164-89.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App