Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Diagnosis and Therapy

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Editorial - Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Diagnosis and Therapy (2021) Volume 6, Issue 2

Neurocysticercosis: Parasitic infection that affect brain


Cysticercosis is a bacterial tissue infection caused by larval cysts of the tapeworm Taenia solium. This larval cysts entering the brain, nerves, or other tissues are a major cause of adult seizures in most low-income countries. Cysticercosis is caused by swallowing eggs contained in the feces of a person who has an intestinal tapeworm. Some regions of the central nervous system, such as the spinal cord, are often damaged by brain infections. The brain and spinal cord are mostly immune to infection, but when they do get compromised, the consequences can be devastating. Infections can cause inflammation in the brain (encephalitis). Viruses are the most common cause of encephalitis. Infections may also cause inflammation of the tissue membranes (meninges) that shield the brain and spinal cord, resulting in meningitis. Bacterial meningitis can also spread to the brain, causing encephalitis. Similarly, viral infections that cause encephalitis may also cause meningitis. In both the brain and the meninges are infected, the condition is termed meningoencephalitis.
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