Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology

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Rapid Communication - Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology (2023) Volume 7, Issue 3

Menstrual Delay Due to Weight Changes: How to Maintain a Healthy Weight

Sam Hillard*

Department of Nursing, Gifu University of Health Science, Gifu-city, Gifu, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Sam Hillard
Department of Nursing
Gifu University of Health Science
Gifu-city, Gifu, Japan

Received: 21-Apr-2023, Manuscript No. AAGGS-23-98106; Editor assigned: 24-Apr-2023, PreQC No. AAGGS-23-98106(PQ); Reviewed: 08-May-2023, QC No. AAGGS-22-98106; Revised: 12-May-2023, Manuscript No. AAGGS-23-98106(R); Published: 19-May-2023, DOI:10.35841/2591-7994-7.3.142

Citation: Hillard S. Ultrasound in obstetrics and gynecology: A practical approach to foetal and maternal medicine. Gynecol Reprod Endocrinol. 2023;7(3):142

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If you are not pregnant and your period is still delayed, it may be due to stress, changes in weight or exercise habits, or other underlying medical conditions. If you are concerned about a delayed period, you should consult with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and discuss any necessary treatment options. Menstruation is a natural physiological process that occurs in women of reproductive age, signalling their fertility. However, various factors can affect the regularity of menstrual cycles, including weight changes. This article aims to delve into the relationship between weight fluctuations and menstrual delay. We will explore how both weight gain and weight loss can impact the hormonal balance within the body, leading to menstrual irregularities and delays. Understanding this connection is essential for women to monitor their reproductive health and seek appropriate medical guidance if necessary [1].

Weight gain and menstrual delay

Weight gain can disrupt the delicate hormonal balance in a woman's body, leading to menstrual irregularities and delays. Excessive adipose tissue, which secretes estrogen, can cause an overproduction of this hormone, interfering with the normal menstrual cycle. The excess estrogen can disrupt the feedback loop between the hypothalamus, pituitary gland and ovaries, resulting in the suppression of ovulation and subsequent menstrual delays [2].

Moreover, weight gain can contribute to insulin resistance and the development of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), a condition characterized by hormonal imbalances and irregular periods. Insulin resistance and elevated insulin levels stimulate the ovaries to produce more androgens, further disrupting the menstrual cycle and delaying ovulation [3].

Weight loss and menstrual delay

Conversely, weight loss can also cause menstrual delays due to changes in hormonal levels. When the body experiences a significant calorie deficit, it perceives the lack of energy as a threat and activates a stress response. This triggers the release of cortisol, a stress hormone, which can interfere with the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian axis, disrupting normal menstrual functioning [4]. Additionally, weight loss can lead to a decrease in body fat, resulting in reduced estrogen production. Estrogen plays a crucial role in regulating the menstrual cycle and a deficiency can hinder ovulation and cause menstrual delays. In extreme cases, excessive weight loss can even lead to amenorrhea, the absence of menstrual periods for three consecutive months or longer [5].


Weight changes, whether it is weight gain or weight loss, can significantly impact a woman's menstrual cycle. Excess adipose tissue associated with weight gain can disrupt the hormonal balance, leading to menstrual irregularities. On the other hand, weight loss can trigger hormonal changes, including reduced estrogen production, which can also result in menstrual delays. Women should be aware of the potential effects of weight fluctuations on their reproductive health and seek medical advice if they experience significant changes in their menstrual cycle. By maintaining a healthy weight and addressing any underlying hormonal imbalances, women can promote regular menstrual cycles and support their overall well-being.


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