Mini Review - Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Allied Science (2023) Volume 7, Issue 1
Lack of nutrition in animals and its affects on animals health.
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Trent University, Peterborough, Canada
- Corresponding Author:
- Garcia Harvatine
Department of Veterinary Medicine
Trent University, Peterborough, Canada
Received: 29-Dec-2022, Manuscript No. AAVMAS-23-86375; Editor assigned: 31-Dec-2022, PreQC No. AAVMAS-23-86375(PQ); Reviewed: 14-Jan-2023, QC No. AAVMAS-23-86375; Revised: 17-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AAVMAS-23-86375(R); Published: 24-Jan-2023, DOI:10.35841/2591-7978-7.1.132
Citation: Harvatine G. Lack of nutrition in animals and its affects on animals health. J Vet Med Allied Sci. 2023;7(1):132
Poor nutrition in animals can have a significant impact on their health and well-being, leading to deficiencies in essential vitamins and minerals. Poor nutrition can make animals more prone to illness, their injuries more severe, and their bodies less able to heal themselves. Deficiencies and malnutrition have a significant impact on animal growth, development, and production; extreme cases can result in irreversible health conditions, disorders, or even death.
Malnutrition, and the resulting lack of nutrients essential for cell integrity, can impair the immune system, increasing the risk of infectious diseases and resulting in an inflammatory response with associated pain and suffering . Animals require a well-balanced diet that includes all of the necessary nutrients, fluids, minerals, and vitamins. Proper nutrition provides your animals with the energy they need to grow, develop, and reproduce, as well as the immunity they need to fight infections. Calcium, zinc, magnesium, selenium, and manganese deficiencies can reduce cow fertility by increasing the risk of placental retention and mastitis and disrupting the balance of gestation and parturition hormones. In severe cases, poor nutrition may also result in poor foetal development, stunted growth after birth, and high calf mortality rates .
Male reproductive vitality is also affected by nutrition. Bulls, stallions, roosters, and ewes raised for reproduction require special diets to ensure the health and viability of their offspring. In general, proper nutrition promotes livestock health, which leads to increased productivity. Cattle and poultry that are wellfed will produce more milk, meat, and eggs . Animals fed a healthy balanced diet are usually in good health. Those who are not are more likely to develop diseases like arthritis and diabetes, among many others. If an animal is malnourished and sustains an injury or becomes infected, it will take longer to heal. A healthy and active immune system that protects the animal from disease maintains improved health. All animals will require enough food, of the right kind, at the right times. Each animal requires a different diet depending on the species. The food's quality is also important. Poor quality food is deficient in essential nutrients needed for optimal health. Poor food quality can lead to disease .
A lack of adequate nutrition can result in aggressive, skittish, and anxious behaviour in animals. Animals that are improperly fed live shorter lives than their healthy counterparts because the issues associated with poor nutrition, such as disease, impair basic physiological functions. Obesity is most common in domesticated pets that have been overfed or given unsuitable food sources, such as low-quality pet food or unwholesome people food. Extra weight puts undue strain on organs, joints, and ligaments, encouraging disease and physical infirmity . Many diseases are caused by poor nutrition; a malnourished animal is more likely to develop rickets, nerve and immune disorders, and other degenerative diseases, an obese animal, on the other hand, is more likely to develop diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. Nitrogen-containing amino acids are the building blocks of protein. The animal cannot produce essential amino acids. Proteins serve as the foundation for many animal body structures. They also help to form enzymes, which regulate chemical reactions throughout the body.
Disease conditions can be caused by vitamin deficiencies. Excessive amounts of some vitamins are also harmful to health, and animal nutritionists have established safe levels for some common companion animals . Mineral deficiency or excess can both be harmful to one's health, there is evidence that mare, or adult female horses, may have a reduced ability to absorb copper from their diet as they age. The resulting copper deficiency may result in the rupture of the uterine artery, a vital artery in the body. This may result in the horse's death. Sheep are extremely sensitive to copper fluctuations, even more so than horses. Sheep may consume as much copper as they want, but they may be unable to absorb or utilise it properly if they consume an excessive amount of a compound known as molybdenum. Too much molybdenum interferes with copper bioavailability in sheep, which can result in poor growth, anaemia, and poor wool quality.
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