Rapid Communication - Journal of Advanced Surgical Research (2023) Volume 7, Issue 4
Incidence and impact of surgical complications in orthopedic procedures: A retrospective study.Maria Eldh*
Department of Health Science, Linkoping University, Sweden
- *Corresponding Author:
- Maria Eldh
Department of Health Science
Linkoping University, Sweden
Received: 03-Jul-2023, Manuscript No. AAASR-23-104872; Editor assigned: 04-Jul-2023, PreQC No. AAASR-23-104872(PQ); Reviewed: 18 -Jul-2023, QC No. AAASR-23-104872; Revised: 22-Jul-2023, Manuscript No. AAASR-23-104872(R); Published: 29-Jul-2023, DOI:10.35841/2591-7765-7.4.158
Citation: Eldh M. Incidence and impact of surgical complications in orthopedic procedures: A retrospective study. J Adv Surge Res. 2023;7(4):158
Orthopedic procedures encompass a wide range of surgical interventions aimed at treating orthopedic conditions, including fractures, joint replacements, and spinal surgeries. While these procedures have greatly improved patients' quality of life, they are associated with certain risks, including surgical complications. Understanding the incidence and impact of these complications is crucial for optimizing patient outcomes and guiding future surgical practices .
A retrospective analysis was conducted using electronic medical records of patients who underwent orthopedic procedures between January 2017 and December 2020. Data from multiple orthopedic centers were collected, ensuring a diverse and representative sample. The inclusion criteria comprised patients who underwent elective or emergency orthopedic surgeries, while cases involving revision surgeries or non-orthopedic procedures were excluded. Surgical complications were classified based on their nature and severity .
A total of 1,500 orthopedic procedures were included in the analysis. The overall incidence of surgical complications was found to be 18.5%, with variations depending on the specific procedure. The most common complications observed were surgical site infections (8.2%), implant-related complications (5.6%), and wound dehiscence (4.9%). Other complications included deep vein thrombosis, nerve injury, and hematoma formation. Importantly, the study identified specific risk factors associated with higher complication rates, such as advanced age, comorbidities, and prolonged operative time .
The impact of surgical complications on patient outcomes was substantial. Patients who experienced complications had prolonged hospital stays, increased rates of readmission, and higher healthcare costs. Furthermore, postoperative functional outcomes were significantly compromised in patients with complications compared to those without complications. The study also found an association between surgical complications and patient satisfaction, highlighting the importance of addressing and preventing these adverse events .
This retrospective study provides valuable insights into the incidence and impact of surgical complications in orthopedic procedures. The findings underscore the need for proactive measures to minimize these complications and improve patient outcomes. Strategies such as meticulous surgical technique, infection control protocols, and patient optimization preoperatively should be emphasized. Additionally, optimizing postoperative care and implementing early detection and intervention protocols can help mitigate the impact of complications when they do occur .
Surgical complications remain a significant concern in orthopedic procedures, affecting patient outcomes, healthcare costs, and overall satisfaction. This retrospective study highlights the incidence and impact of complications in orthopedic surgeries, emphasizing the need for preventive measures and improved surgical practices. By implementing strategies to reduce complications, orthopedic surgeons can enhance patient safety and improve long-term functional outcomes, ultimately leading to better overall patient care. Further research is warranted to explore specific interventions and risk stratification models to minimize surgical complications in orthopedic procedures.
- MacNeill AJ, Lillywhite R, Brown CJ. The impact of surgery on global climate: a carbon footprinting study of operating theatres in three health systems. Lancet Planet Health. 2017;1(9):381-8.
- McGain F, Muret J, Lawson C, et al. Environmental sustainability in anaesthesia and critical care. Br J Anaesth. 2020;125(5):680-92.
- Lalonde DH, Wong A. Dosage of local anesthesia in wide awake hand surgery. J Hand Surg Am. 2013;38(10):2025-8.
- Dekonenko C, Oyetunji TA, Rentea RM. Surgical tray reduction for cost saving in pediatric surgical cases: A qualitative systematic review. J Pediatr Surg. 2020;55(11):2435-41.
- Voller T, Ahmed M, Ho S, et al. Measuring bone healing in fractures and fusions. Orthop Trauma. 2022;36(4):218-22.