Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (202) 780-3397

Rapid Communication - Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology (2023) Volume 7, Issue 4

How to distinguish influenza virus and corona virus in patients suffering from cold?

Santosini Rao *

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

*Corresponding Author:
Santosini Rao
Department of Clinical Laboratory
Zhejiang University
Hangzhou, China

Received:27-Jun-2023,Manuscript No. AAJIDMM-23-105619;Editor assigned: 30-Jun-2023, PreQC No. AAJIDMM-23-105619(PQ);Reviewed:14-Jul-2023, QC No. AAJIDMM-23-105619;Revised:19-Jul-2023, Manuscript No. AAJIDMM-23-105619(R); Published:25-Jul-2023, DOI:10.35841/ aajidmm-7.4.153

Citation: Rao S. How to distinguish influenza virus and corona virus in patients suffering from cold? J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2023;7(4):153


Flu (influenza) and Coronavirus are both infectious respiratory sicknesses; however they are brought about by various infections. Coronavirus is brought about by disease with a Covid (SARS-CoV-2) first recognized in 2019. Influenza is brought about by contamination with a seasonal infection (flu infections). The worth of different side effects in separating Coronavirus from flu relies upon various variables, including pervasiveness of microbes that cause Coronavirus, flu, and flu like-ailment; age of the patient, and presence of different side effects. Covid and flu infections are both encompassed, single-abandoned RNA infections and both are encapsulated by nucleoprotein. In any case, the genomes of these 2 infections vary in extremity and division. Flu infection is involved 8 single-abandoned, negative-sense, viral RNA sections. SARS-CoV-2 has single-abandoned, non-portioned, positive-sense, viral RNA [1].

Both infections have recognizing surface proteins that act as significant harmfulness factors for disease. SARS-CoV-2 is canvassed in spike (S) proteins that work with attack of host cells. S proteins tie to the host cell receptor, angiotensin-changing over chemical 2 (ACE2), which manages pulse and liquid salt adjusts and is communicated by numerous organ frameworks all through the body, including the lungs, heart, kidneys, liver, digestion tracts, cerebrum and fat tissues. After restricting, SARS-CoV-2 infuses its RNA into the tainted cell and utilizations have cell hardware to duplicate its genome. Recently orchestrated infection particles are then delivered to contaminate extra host cells [2].


Both Coronavirus and influenza can spread from one individual to another between individuals who are close or in close contact with each other. Both spread essentially by huge and little particles containing infection that are ousted when individuals with the ailment (Coronavirus or influenza) hack, sniffle, or talk. These particles can land in the mouths or noses of individuals who are close by and perhaps be breathed in into the respiratory lot. In certain conditions, for example, indoor settings with unfortunate ventilation, little particles containing infection may be spread longer distances and cause diseases.



While the infection that causes Coronavirus and seasonal infections are remembered to spread in comparable ways, the infection that causes Coronavirus is for the most part more infectious than seasonal infections. Additionally, Coronavirus has been seen to have more super spreading occasions than influenza. This implies the infection that causes Coronavirus can rapidly and effortlessly spread to a many individuals and result in persistent spreading among individuals over the natural course of time[3].


Treatment relies upon what causes the contamination. In some cases, your medical services supplier will suggest checking your side effects as opposed to taking prescription. Bacterial contaminations can be treated with anti-toxins. The right anti-microbial relies upon what microorganisms causes the contamination. Certain viral contaminations have unique meds to treat them, as antiretroviral treatment for HIV. Parasites can be treated with antiparasitic drugs, like mebendazole. Prion diseases cannot be treated [4].

Flu infection can stay irresistible on surfaces beyond the body for as long as 48 hours, and that implies that it's feasible to become ill by contacting an article or surface that has as of late been hacked on, sniffled on or contacted by somebody who has this season's virus. There is proof recommending that SARS-CoV-2 RNA might stay present on items and surfaces for expanded timeframes, yet the way in which long the infection stays irresistible beyond the body still can't seem to not entirely settled[5].


You can't differentiate among influenza and coronavirus by the side effects alone in light of the fact that they have a portion of similar signs and side effects. Explicit testing is expected to determine what the sickness is and to affirm a conclusion. Having a clinical expert oversee a particular test that recognizes both influenza and Coronavirus permits you to get analyzed and treated for the particular infection you have all the more rapidly. Getting treated right on time for Coronavirus and influenza can lessen your gamble of becoming exceptionally ill. Testing can likewise uncover in the event that somebody has both influenza and Coronavirus simultaneously, albeit this is exceptional. Individuals with influenza and Coronavirus simultaneously can have more extreme infection than individuals with one or the other influenza or Coronavirus alone.



  1. Aminian A, Safari S, Razeghian-Jahromi A, et al.COVID-19 outbreak and surgical practice: Unexpected fatality in perioperative period. Ann Surg. 2020.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Deng M, Jiang L, Ren Y, et al.. Can we reduce mortality of COVID-19 if we do better in glucose control?. Med Drug Discov. 2020;7:100048.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. AH J. An Overview of Coronavirus Disease (MERS& SARS): COVID-19. Int Jour Pharm Res (09752366). 2021;13(1).8.
  6. Google Scholar,

  7. Turner JS, Lei T, Schmitz AJ, et al.Impaired cellular immune responses during the first week of severe acute influenza infection. J Infect Dis. 2020;222(7):1235-44.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Liu F, Xu A, Zhang Y, et al.Patients of COVID-19 may benefit from sustained lopinavir-combined regimen and the increase of eosinophil may predict the outcome of COVID-19 progression. Int J Infect Dis. 2020;95:183-91.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App