Journal of Psychology and Cognition

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +441518081136

Opinion Article - Journal of Psychology and Cognition (2023) Volume 8, Issue 4

From perception to action: Neurophysiological foundations of human behaviour.

Matt Jones*

Department of Biology, Elizabethtown College, Ethopia

*Corresponding Author:
Matt Jones
Department of Biology
Elizabethtown College, Ethopia

Received: 19-Jun-2023, Manuscript No. AAJPC-23-104854; Editor assigned: 23-Jun-2023, PreQC No. AAJPC-23-104854 (PQ); Reviewed: 5-Jul-2023, QC No. AAJPC-23-104854; Revised: 11-Jul-2023, Manuscript No. AAJPC-23-104854(R); Published: 15-Jul-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aajpc-8.4.181

Citation: Jones M. From perception to action: Neurophysiological foundations of human behaviour. J Psychol Cognition. 2023;8(4):181

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Psychology and Cognition


Human behavior is a complex phenomenon influenced by a multitude of factors, including cognitive processes, emotions, and environmental stimuli. Understanding the neurophysiological foundations of human behavior is crucial for unraveling the mechanisms that drive our actions. From perception to action, the human brain processes sensory information, integrates it with cognitive and emotional states, and ultimately guides behavior. Neurophysiological research plays a vital role in exploring the neural circuits, processes, and mechanisms underlying human behavior. This article delves into the fascinating field of neurophysiology and its contributions to our understanding of how perception shapes our actions [1].

Perception and Sensory Processing

Perception forms the basis for our interaction with the world. It involves the interpretation and organization of sensory information received through various modalities, such as vision, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. Neurophysiological research has shed light on the neural processes involved in sensory perception. For instance, studies using functional imaging techniques, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), have revealed specific brain regions dedicated to processing sensory information. Visual perception, for instance, involves specialized areas in the occipital cortex, while auditory perception involves regions in the temporal cortex.

Furthermore, neurophysiological studies have shown that perception is not a passive process but is influenced by topdown processing, where higher brain regions, such as the prefrontal cortex, modulate sensory processing based on expectations, attention, and prior knowledge [2].

Cognition and Decision-Making

Cognitive processes, including attention, memory, and executive functions, play a crucial role in guiding human behavior. Neurophysiological research has unraveled the neural mechanisms underlying these cognitive processes and their impact on decision-making. Electrophysiological studies, such as electroencephalography (EEG), have identified event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with attentional processes. These ERPs provide insights into the timing and neural correlates of attentional shifts and cognitive control.

Additionally, neuroimaging studies have revealed brain regions involved in decision-making, such as the prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex. These regions integrate sensory information, emotional states, and past experiences to guide behavior and make choices [3].

Emotion and Behavior

Emotions are integral to human behavior and influence our actions, motivations, and social interactions. Neurophysiological research has advanced our understanding of the neural underpinnings of emotion and their impact on behavior. Functional imaging studies have identified key brain regions, such as the amygdala and insula that are involved in processing and generating emotional responses. The amygdala, in particular, plays a critical role in the detection and interpretation of emotional stimuli, contributing to the experience of fear, pleasure, and other emotions.

Moreover, neurophysiological studies have demonstrated that emotional experiences can influence decision-making processes, often leading to biases and preferences. The interaction between emotion and cognition is mediated by neural circuits involving the prefrontal cortex and the amygdala [4].

Motor Control and Action Execution

The final step in the chain from perception to action involves the execution of motor responses. Neurophysiological research has provided insights into the neural mechanisms underlying motor control and action execution. Studies using techniques such as electromyography (EMG) and functional imaging have identified brain regions responsible for motor planning and execution, including the primary motor cortex and the cerebellum. These regions coordinate muscle activity and enable precise and coordinated movements.

Furthermore, research has shown that the mirror neuron system, a network of neurons in the brain, plays a crucial role in understanding the actions of others and imitating their behavior. This system contributes to social cognition and empathy [5].


Neurophysiological research has significantly contributed to our understanding of the neural foundations of human behavior. From perception to action, the brain processes sensory information, integrates cognitive and emotional states, and executes motor responses. By unraveling the intricate neural circuits and processes involved, neurophysiology provides valuable insights into the mechanisms underlying human behavior. Continued research in this field holds promise for advancing our understanding of complex behaviors, such as decision-making, social interactions, and emotional regulation, ultimately benefiting various areas of psychology and improving our comprehension of human nature.


  1. Cervetto S, Birba A, Pérez G, Amoruso L, et al. Body into narrative: Behavioral and neurophysiological signatures of action text processing after ecological motor training. Neuroscience. 2022 Dec 15;507:52-63.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. Eddy CM. The Transdiagnostic relevance of self-other distinction to psychiatry spans emotional, cognitive and motor domains. Front Psychiatry. 2022;13:797952.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. Rode G, Lacour S, Jacquin-Courtois S, et al. Long-term sensorimotor and therapeutical effects of a mild regime of prism adaptation in spatial neglect. A double-blind RCT essay. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2015;58(2):40-53.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. Cecala AL. Using a classic paper by Bell as a platform for discussing the role of corollary discharge-like signals in sensory perception and movement control. Adv. Physiol. Educ. 2014;38(1):12-9.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. Meltzoff AN, Decety J. What imitation tells us about social cognition: a rapprochement between developmental psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2003;358(1431):491-500.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App