Journal of Hypertension and Heart Care

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Short Communication - Journal of Hypertension and Heart Care (2023) Volume 6, Issue 1

Controlling hypertension: An overview of antihypertensive therapy

Qutaiba Owayez*

Department of Pharmacology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Oslo, Norway.

Corresponding Author:
Qutaiba Owayez
Department of Pharmacology
Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål
Oslo, Norway, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Received: 24-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AAJHHC-23-89031; Editor assigned: 26-Jan-2023, PreQC No. AAJHHC-23-89031(PQ); Reviewed: 13-Feb-2023, QC No. AAJHHC-23-89031; Revised: 20-Feb-2023, Manuscript No. AAJHHC-23-89031(R); Published: 27-Feb-2023, DOI: 10.35841/AAJHHC-6.1.133

Citation: Owayez Q. Controlling hypertension: an overview of antihypertensive therapy. J Hypertens Heart Care. 2023;6(1):133.

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Hypertension (HTN) is considered one of the driving causes of expanded cardiovascular illness. Bringing down blood weight does diminish cardiovascular risks; keeping up systolic blood weight of less than 130 mm Hg certifiably anticipates complications in patients with heart disappointment, diabetes, coronary supply route disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular illnesses. This action talks about the rules for selecting the fitting antihypertensive solutions. It presents the diverse classes for to begin with, moment, and third-line treatments for hypertension and highlights the signs and side impacts. It highlights the ponders done to compare diverse classes of antihypertensive medicines and signs for each course.

The objective of antihypertensive treatment in this way comprises in lessening cardiovascular dismalness and mortality related with blood vessel hypertension by a methodology centered on lowering blood pressure whereas minimizing the affect of other related cardiovascular hazard variables [1,2]. The conclusion drawn from the starting considers was that the lessening of cardiovascular occasions and passing watched in hypertensive patients was basically related to the size of the drop in BP accomplished by treatment. Advantage seem not be attributed to a given course of treatment since ponders were not planned to compare operators but or maybe to decide whether dynamic treatment varied from fake treatment in avoiding cardiovascular horribleness and mortality. Prove of advantage of Expert inhibitors and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) to anticipate cardiovascular occasions and passing compared with fake treatment has moreover been illustrated in placebo-controlled trials. Systolic BP is the most vital BP parameter producing cardiovascular chance in hypertensive patients, especially after 60 years of age [3].The advantage of lessening BP within the elderly with disconnected systolic hypertension has been as of late subject of a meta-analysis. A contrast of 10.4 mm Hg in SBP and 4.1 mm Hg in diastolic BP (DBP) between dynamic treatment and fake treatment was related with 13% diminishment in add up to mortality, 18% diminishment in cardiovascular mortality, 26% decrease in all cardiovascular complications, 30% lessening in stroke, and 23% lessening in coronary occasions. In any case, as of late distributed trials have affirmed that control of SBP is achieved in a altogether lower number of patients compared with that of DBP. Within the Hypertension Ideal Treatment (HOT) trial, a SBP >140 mm Hg was watched amid follow-up in >50% of patients, while DBP <90 mm Hg was watched in 90% of cases. Within the Swedish Path in Ancient Patients With Hypertension-2 (STOP-2) think about, SBP remained ≈160 mm Hg all through the study,13 which is clearly over the objective BP of <140 mm Hg. Current guidelines prescribe diuretics and calcium adversaries (long-acting dihydropyridines) as first-step treatment for isolated systolic hypertension. ACEIs don't vary from diuretics, β-blockers, or CCBs in their capacity to control SBP, both in systodiastolic and in disconnected systolic hypertension.13–15 In any case, in all the as of late distributed trials,13–18 the rate of patients accomplishing satisfactory SBP control was continuously <50%, in spite of the fact that combination treatment was regularly utilized. The chance of hoisted SBP is particularly high when went with by typical DBP, that's , when an extended beat weight is found. Typically especially predominant in elderly hypertensives and is a fabulous indicator of cardiovascular hazard in hypertensive and cardiac patients. Superior BP control is hence justified [4,5].

Thiazide diuretics

Thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics are ordinarily the firstline of treatment for hypertension; in JNC8 rules, the thiazide diuretics can be utilized as the first-line treatment for HTN (either alone or in combination with other antihypertensives) in all age bunches notwithstanding of race unless the quiet has prove of incessant kidney malady where angiotensinconverting chemical inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker is demonstrated. The Antihypertensive and Lipid- Lowering Treatment to Avoid Heart Assault Trial ALLHAT consider suggested thiazide diuretics as the primary line of treatment for hypertension unless there are contraindications. Calcium Channel Blockers CCBs.

Same as thiazide-type diuretics, CCBs are suggested in JNC8 rules to be utilized as a first-line treatment alone or in combination with other antihypertensives in all patients with HTN in any case of age and race, but for patients with incessant kidney illness where Expert inhibitors or ARBs are the prescribed first-line treatment.

CCBs have been appeared to diminish all cardiovascular events other than heart disappointment, comparative to thiazide diuretics. They can be utilized as the most excellent elective to thiazides when patients don't endure thiazides. CCBs isolate into two bunches: dihydropyridines and nondihydropyridines Dihydropyridines are more strong as vasodilators and are utilized more for HTN treatment. They have less impact on heart contractility and conduction. For this, they are utilized more for the administration of HTN. Nifedipine and amlodipine are the foremost used medicines in this gather. Non-dihydropyridines are less strong as vasodilators and have distant better;a much better;a higher;a stronger;an improved">a higher impact on cardiac contractility and conduction. They are utilized more as antiarrhythmic drugs and less for HTN treatment. Long-acting nifedipine has more noteworthy antihypertensive activity when compared to amlodipine.


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