Editorial - Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Diagnosis and Therapy (2021) Volume 6, Issue 1
Ascaris lumbricoides causing parasitic infection
Editorial Office, London, United Kingdom
Accepted date: January 27, 2021
Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common parasites, and although infections are generally moderate, serious complications can occur. Parasitic infections impact people of all ages, and they've been linked to demographic, cultural, and sanitary-hygienic factors. The parasitic nematode Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most widespread parasites on the planet. Vomiting, malnutrition, pneumonitis, growth retardation, and stomach pain are some of the symptoms of infection. Cholangitis, pancreatitis, appendicitis, and even masses of intestinal obstruction and, in extreme cases, perforation may all result from a serious infestation.
Parasitic diseases, Environmental parasites, Neglected parasite group
In developed countries, parasitic infections are still an issue. Due to parasitic infections, a lack of sanitation and hygiene initiatives will lead to a rise in morbidity and mortality. Any of these parasites can require surgery to treat severe complications. Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common parasites, and although infections are generally moderate, serious complications can occur. Parasitic infections impact people of all ages, and they've been linked to demographic, cultural, and sanitary-hygienic factors. The parasitic nematode ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most widespread parasites on the planet. Vomiting, malnutrition, pneumonitis, growth retardation, and stomach pain are some of the symptoms of infection. Cholangitis, pancreatitis, appendicitis, and even masses of intestinal obstruction and, in extreme cases, perforation may all result from a serious infestation.
Ingestion of embryonated eggs is normally the cause of ascariasis. The larvae hatch in the small intestine and travel to the colon, where they enter the mucosa of the colon. They then travel through the liver and into the lungs, where they cross the alveolar gap and make their way to the pharynx. They are swallowed once more and returned to the intestine, where they will mature sexually. Ascariasis is affected by factors such as diet, social status, and unsanitary defecation. Although most infections are asymptomatic, 8%-15% of those affected may develop gastrointestinal, respiratory, or neurological symptoms. The presence of a large population of roundworms in the bowel can cause life-threatening problems, which are often associated with the presence of a large population of roundworms in the bowel. It's debatable if ascaris causes intestinal perforation. The parasite is considered to be a traveller inside the intestinal Iumen, able to escape into the peritoneal cavity only through a pre-existing perforation created by another enteric pathogen. Roundworms pressing directly into the bowel wall in narrow spaces like the appendix, or an allergic reaction, may cause perforation.
The appearance of adult worms or eggs in the stools is used to make the diagnosis. When abnormalities occur, radiographs, ultrasound, and CT scans are needed. Antihelmintic medicine should be used to help cure ascariasis. When perforation is present, surgery is seldom required; however, the type of surgery required is determined by the findings during laparotomy.
Ascaris worms obstruct the small intestine of young children and, on rare occasions, penetrate and block the pancreatic and bile ducts, resulting in vitamin A malabsorption and lactose digestion reduction. Children suffer from growth retardation, malnutrition, impaired cognitive functions, and poor educational outcomes as a result of this. The emergence of bacterial infections and malnutrition has a detrimental effect on the infected person's growth and development.
Nutrition is a significant feature of wellbeing that represents an individual's or a population's social and economic wellbeing. Body structure changes have an effect on a population's general diet and fitness. In developed countries, undernutrition is one of the most common and chronic health concerns. It is a major contributing factor in more than half of all child deaths. Undernutrition is also a chronic issue, with low food intake and elevated re-infection rates leading to physical and mental retardation. Anthropometry is a method for assessing a person's fitness and longevity. It is a non-invasive and lowcost method of determining a person's nutritional status. In 2006, the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) found that in the plantation sector, education levels, household sanitation services, and nutritional status were lower than in urban and rural areas of Sri Lanka. According to a recent survey, 35.6%, 26.9%, and 32.9% of children in Sri Lanka's plantation sector were classified as underweight, stunted, and wasting, respectively. Many studies in Sri Lanka found that Ascaris lumbricoides was the most common intestinal helminth infection among plantation school children.
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