Journal of Neurology and Neurorehabilitation Research

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Reach Us +1 (629)348-3199

Short Communication - Journal of Neurology and Neurorehabilitation Research (2023) Volume 8, Issue 1

As cancer that begins rat nerve cell bodies, quinine sulphur and nitrogen from Sephora triangulate reduce monoamine neurotransmitters neuronal damage.

Candace Lewis*

Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Candace Lewis
Department of Psychology
University of Arizona
Tucson, AZ, USA

Received: 08-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AAJNNR-23-85847; Editor assigned: 10-Jan-2023, Pre QC No. AAJNNR-23-85847(PQ); Reviewed: 23-Jan-2023, QC No. AAJNNR-23-85847; Revised: 25-Jan-2023, Manuscript No. AAJNNR-23-85847(R); Published: 30-Jan-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aajnnr-8.1.132

Citation: Lewis C. Another study of aspects linked to vocabulary size in elder HIV-positive persons in ethiopia. J Neurol Neurorehab Res. 2023;8(1):132


When combined by grains, the leaves of Saussurea triangulate have been employed as a vegetable wrapper to delay the onset of central nervous system. S. triangulate has been shown to have neuroprotective effects; however its exact mechanisms are still unknown. We discovered that a methanol extract of S. triangulate significantly protected rat cortex neurons in cell cultures from receptor activation neurotoxicity during our investigation into the neuroprotective effect of this plant. The n-BuOH fraction of S. triangulate included three cinnamic acid compound derivatives that were identified. Methane structure is similar chemical, one of these three quinic acid derivatives, shown notable neuroprotective effects towards acetylcholine receptors cytotoxicity, with cell growth of roughly 50% at doses. The quinic acid derivatives from S. triangulate may thus reduce monoamine neurotransmitters damage, explaining the neuroprotective effects of this plant


Linguistic, Memory storage, Lexico-semantic cluster, Neurocognitive.


A reduction in verbal fluency performance is a hallmark of ageing among western democracies. Verbal fluency was the first cognitive function in a French society sample to deteriorate, for up to 12 years just before Hypertension initial diagnosis were made. Executive functioning and working memory are the two most affected brain functions in individuals with HIV who are receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). Neurological dysfunction is more commonly characterised by both cortical and subcortical aspects. Cognitive language deficit has been noted with ART. Regardless of their HIV status, senior PLHIV performed less well than younger and older HIV-negative people living in the United States [1].

Semantic verbal fluency

These researches also examined the impact of HIV or ART on verbal fluency in middle-aged PLHIV in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). During two hours of therapy, reductions in semantic verbal fluency are still seen in persons with PLHIV starting ART in northern Zimbabwe. In all other research from South Africa and Uganda, persons with HIV - positive people performed less lexical verbally fluently than Aids persons. In Africa, vocal velocity was impaired in senior HIV - positive people at a rate of 23.8% compared to 12.9% of HIV-negative participants, but there was no clear divide in lexical, letter, or gesture speed [2]. To with us expertise, there is currently no info on aged PLHIV in SSA, with the exception of a merge evaluation done previously in Senegal and Cote d'Ivoire, where a non-linear effect of age was found on definitional discourse completion results, indicating the significance of examining how it occurs in the original ones. It really is crucial to comprehend what happens in the sub- Saharan African population since academic ability, especially oral speed, differs between nations and levels of schooling [3].

Verbal flow impairs interactions

Moreover, poor verbal flow impairs interactions and is linked to a loss in day-to-day performance across both ageing and HIV. That correlation can draw attention to the influence of behavioural beginning on normal functioning. In fact, categories proficiency tasks demand and analyse evolutionary algorithms, which also involve components important for everyday functioning, such thinking. Executive functions and frontal lobe integrity are essential for carrying out daily duties, as seen in prior research. To recognize older PLHIV who are prone to losing their autonomy and experiencing a lower life expectancy, it is critical to comprehend the variables linked with low verbal fluency performance or its deterioration. For order to assess the causes of low categorical fluency performance at baseline and its monthly changes in West African PLHIV age 60, we used data from a 2-year large study. As numerical fluency is the one most frequently employed to assess language abilities in SSA, we concentrated on it during this study [4].

I found a negative median annual rate of change in categorical fluency performance after two years of join in this continuous research of older PLHIV receiving ART residing in African Continent, showing a reduction in categories fluidity throughout this time. When compared to baseline results, declarative vocab decrement was linked to the same socioeconomic variables, family status, and heart problems after a two-year follow-up period. At baseline, lower categorical fluency performance was associated with socio - demographic factors, such as later adults, becoming female and poor education. It has been extensively established in the literature that covariates variables and word reading ability are related. One of the biggest risk factors for memory issues in both the general population and PLHIV is ageing [5]


Resulting in varying overall performance between populations. Although the research was bridge, several SSA investigations found a link between poor educational achievement and cognitive impairment in PLHIV. The function of verbal ability also appeared to be sex-specific, with initial competence being poorer and mental fluidity decrease hazard being larger in females than in males. There is no agreement among the data from the literature on middle-aged PLHIV. Next research should assess learning ability, utilising the proper normative data according to age, as this variation in effectiveness is still unknown. Lastly, low categorization language ability at start and subsequent deterioration were also related to marriage status. According to a new timeline, marriage is linked to improved life choices, decreased mortality, and a reduced dementia risk. The vast majority of single people in our survey were divorcees. Another difficult life occurrence that may affect mental function and increase the risk of alzheimer is allows individuals.


  1. SY Kang, KY Lee, SH Sung, et al. Four new neuroprotective dihydropyranocoumarins from Angelica gigas. J Nat Prod. 2005;68:56-9.
  2. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  3. N Nakatani, S Kayano, H Kikuzaki, et al. Identification, quantitative determination, and antioxidative activities of chlorogenic acid isomers in prune (Prunus domestica L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2000;48:5512-16.
  4. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  5. NJ Sucher, M Awobuluyi, YB Choi, et al. NMDA receptors from genes to channels. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 1996;17:348-55.
  6. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  7. R Cacabelos, M Takeda, and B Winblad. The glutamatergic system and neurodegeneration in dementia: Preventive strategies in Alzheimer's disease. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 1999;14:3-47.
  8. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

  9. DG Trist. Excitatory aminoacid agonists and antagonists: Pharmacology and therapeutic applications. Pharm Acta Helv. 2000;74:221-9.
  10. Indexed at, Google Scholar, Cross Ref

Get the App