Journal of Dermatology Research and Skin Care

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Perspective - Journal of Dermatology Research and Skin Care (2023) Volume 7, Issue 5

A brief note on the causes, symptoms, and treatment of acne vulgaris.

Marks Lammer*

Department of Dermatology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, US

*Corresponding Author:
Marks Lammer
Department of Dermatology
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, US

Received:27-Sept-2023,Manuscript No. AADRSC-23-116015; Editor assigned: 30-Sept-2023, PreQC No. AADRSC-23-116015(PQ); Reviewed:14-Oct-2023, QC No. AADRSC-23-116015; Revised:19-Oct-2023, Manuscript No. AADRSC-23-116015(R); Published:26-Oct-2023, DOI: 10.35841/aadrsc- 7.5.169

Citation: Lammer M. A brief note on the causes, symptoms, and treatment of acne vulgaris. Dermatol Res Skin Care. 2023; 7(5):169

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Acne vulgaris, commonly known as acne, is a prevalent skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by the development of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and sometimes cysts or nodules on the face, chest, back, and other areas of the body. Acne can have a significant impact on an individual's self-esteem and quality of life. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of acne vulgaris, including its causes, symptoms, and various treatment options available[1].

Causes of acne vulgaris

Acne vulgaris is a multifactorial condition, meaning it arises from a combination of factors. Understanding these underlying causes is essential for effective management and treatment. The primary contributors to acne include:

Excess sebum production: Sebum is an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. When the production of sebum increases, it can clog hair follicles and lead to the development of acne lesions.

Hair follicle blockage: The hair follicles and pores can become blocked by a combination of excess sebum, dead skin cells, and bacteria. This creates an ideal environment for acne to develop.

Bacterial infection: Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) are a type of bacteria that naturally resides on the skin's surface. When hair follicles become blocked, P. acnes can multiply within the follicles, triggering an inflammatory response and the formation of pimples[2].

Hormonal fluctuations: Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and certain medical conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can stimulate sebum production and contribute to acne development.

Genetics: A family history of acne can increase an individual's susceptibility to the condition. Genetics can influence sebum production and how the immune system responds to acne-related inflammation.

Diet: While research is ongoing, some studies suggest that certain dietary factors, such as a high-glycemic diet (rich in sugary and processed foods), may exacerbate acne in some individuals[3].

Symptoms of acne vulgaris

Acne vulgaris can manifest in various ways, with the following common symptoms:

Combination therapies: Combining different topical or oral medications can be more effective than using a single treatment.

Light and laser therapies: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and laser therapy can target P. acnes bacteria and reduce inflammation.

Chemical peels: Chemical peels can exfoliate the skin, improve texture, and reduce acne lesions.

Extraction: Dermatologists can manually remove large cysts or nodules to reduce pain and prevent scarring.

Skincare: Using gentle, non-comedogenic skincare products and avoiding harsh scrubs can help manage acne.

Stress Management: Reducing stress through relaxation techniques like yoga and meditation may help improve acne in some individuals.

Home Remedies: While not proven to be universally effective, some people find relief with home remedies like tea tree oil, aloevera, or honey masks[4].

Acne management and prevention

Managing and preventing acne involves a holistic approach that goes beyond medication. Here are some tips for acne management and prevention:

Consistent skincare: Develop a skincare routine that includes gentle cleansing and moisturizing. Avoid harsh or abrasive products that can irritate the skin.

Hands off: Avoid picking, squeezing, or popping acne lesions, as this can worsen inflammation and lead to scarring.

Proper hydration: Drinking enough water helps maintain skin hydration and overall health.

Sun protection: Use sunscreen daily to protect the skin from harmful UV rays, which can worsen acne and lead to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Diet and nutrition: While more research is needed, some individuals may benefit from a diet rich in antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and low in sugary and high-glycemic foods[5].


Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition that affects individuals of all ages, causing physical and emotional distress. Understanding the underlying causes, recognizing the symptoms, and exploring the available treatment options are essential steps in managing and preventing acne. With the guidance of a dermatologist and a personalized treatment plan, individuals can achieve clearer, healthier skin and improved self-confidence. Remember that patience and consistency are crucial when dealing with acne, as positive results may take time to manifest.


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