Journal of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

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Short Communication - Journal of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (2020) Volume 0, Issue 0

Survey on the nutritional profile of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in Europe (Germany and Spain), the United States (EU), and Puerto Rico (PR)

Introduction: The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in European countries ranges from 4.4 to 19.7 per 1,000 in ages 7-9 years and in the United States, the prevalence is estimated at 16.8 per 1,000 8-year-old children. This study is done to determine food intake and to indicate the foods that children with ASD consume daily or never consume. Methods: Ten children and adolescents diagnosed with ASD between the ages of 5-17 years residing in Europe and the United States (US) were included in the study. The study evaluated the basic demographic characteristics and anthropometric measures of the children, tastes and preferences, and their frequency of daily consumption of foods included in the different food groups. Results: The mean age was 10.6 years and the male sex predominated with 80%. The evaluation of the anthropometric measurements determined that 50% of the study population was obese according to the criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO). The nutritional evaluation showed that 50% of the children never consume vegetables, 10% never consume milk and dairy products, 50% never consume fresh fruit, 10% never consume meat (meat, chicken, or fish), 20 % of children drink only between 1 and 2 glasses of water a day, 40% never consume fish. 70% of families reported that their children had gone through a period of food selectivity and 40% reported that their children’s eating habits change depending on where they are. Conclusion: In conclusion, children and adolescents with ASD may be at risk of nutritional deficiencies, but the results obtained cannot be generalized to the population of children with ASD, further studies on this subject are necessary.

Author(s): Mrs Zuleika Aponte Torres

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