Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

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Research Article - Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (2021) Volume 11, Issue 79

Proportion and factors of death among preterm neonates admitted in Aksum University compressive specialized hospital neonatal intensive care unit of northern Ethiopia 2019

Objective: The present study assessed the proportion and factors of death among preterm neonates admitted in Aksum university compressive specialized hospital neonatal intensive care unit northern Ethiopia.
Methods: An institution-based cognitive research study was conducted at Aksum Referral and general specialty hospital, Northern Ethiopia. All pre-natal isolates that were allowed to enter into a high- growth union during childbirth. The data collected will be cleared and entered into the Epi-info version 7 and exported to STATA version 12 for further analyses. Bivariable and multivariable analysis performed to determine the relationship between baseline and explanatory variables. Variables with a p-value of less than 0.05 will be the cut-off point.
Results: Overall mortality rate was 22.2%, with 95% CI (17.9-26.9), of which 18 (23.4%) died within weight (AOR:4.69 (2.29-9.63), kangaroo mother care (AOR:2.71 (1.20-6.11), Hypoglycemia (AOR:2.47 (1.30- 4.72), Breastfeeding initiated (AOR:6.35(4.62-11.98), APGAR score(AOR:8.63 (3.52-21.17), Age (AOR:4.19 (2.86-12.46) were predictor for the occurrence of preterm neonate death.
Conclusion: The proportion of preterm birth mortality was high. Provide quality care in maternity KMC, access the intensive care unit at maternity and professional health care institutions and take precautionary measures to prevent home delivery.

Author(s): Teferi Gebru Gebremeskel, Sintayehu Mamo, Elsa Tesfa Berhe

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