Research Article - Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (2021) Volume 11, Issue 79
Prevalence of syphilis among pregnant woman attending antenatal care in shanen gibe hospital, oromia region, southwest Ethiopia, 2019.
Background: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that causes infected sores, blisters or ulcers on genitals, anus (bottom) or mouth. During pregnancy may cause severe manifestations as stillbirth, early fetal death, low birth weight, preterm delivery, neonatal death, infection or disease in the newborn. Methods: Institutional based cross sectional study design was carried out in Jimma town from March 29, 2019 to April 29, 2019. Systematic sampling technique method was used to select a total of 257 participants. Data was collected by using pre-tested and structured questionnaire by trained data collectors and then coded and entered to Epi data 3.5.1 and exported to SPSS version 25 for cleaning and analysis. Descriptive statistics like frequency table and graphs were used for data presentation. Results: A total of 257 subjects were participated with a response rate of 100%. Ninety three present (93%) of the respondents had not history of STIs and 95% of them were had one sexual partners. About 96% of respondents were not ever use condom. All of the study subjects were tested for syphilis and only 3% of them were positive for syphilis. Conclusion: The overall prevalence of syphilis among pregnant women was 3%. An effective health education program to target females at child bearing age and the community regarding syphilis as disease, mode of spread, and preventive measures are recommended to decrease incidence of syphilis.Author(s): Walellign Anmut, Lalisa Ayele, Addisu Yeshambel, Tigistu Toru