Research Article - The International Tinnitus Journal (2019) Volume 23, Issue 1
Oto-acoustic emissions and brainstem evoked response audiometry in patients of tinnitus with normal hearing
Introduction: Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound that results completely from activity within the nervous system without any corresponding mechanical, vibratory activity within the cochlea, and not related to external stimulation of any kind. It disrupts the daily life of 1 out of every 200 adults. The source of tinnitus generation is not limited to the peripheral auditory system. However, there are abnormalities seen in BERA in tinnitus patients depicting auditory pathway involvement. Oto-acoustic emissions are mechanical vibrations generated in the cochlea, which are evaluated by TEOAE and DPOAE whereas BERA evaluates both cochlea and brainstem auditory pathway for any conduction abnormalities. The aim of the study is to analyze the changes in OAE and BERA in patients suffering from tinnitus with normal hearing, which may help us to understand the patho-physiology of tinnitus
Material and methods: This is a prospective study conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Northern India between 1st December 2015 to 31st July 2017. All patients of tinnitus with normal hearing were included in the study group, whereas Individuals with normal hearing with no other ear complaints were included in control group. Total 160 Ears were evaluated with 80 ears in both study and control group each. Patients with PTA >25dB, age >55 years or any chronic medical illness were excluded from the study.
Results: 80 individuals (46 Males and 34 Females) were divided into study and control Group (80 Ears each). Tinnitus was bilateral in 28 subjects (53.84%) and unilateral in 24 subjects (46.16%). Both control and study group showed significant difference in TEOAE and DPOAE study. In TEOAE, 8 (10%) ears in control group and 30 ears (37.5%) in study group showed test result as REFER whereas in DPOAE 10 (12.5%) ears in control group and 35 (43.8%) ears showed test result as REFER. All these result were statistically significant. In BERA the latency of wave I was significantly prolonged in study group as compared to control group, while difference between all other parameters between the two groups was insignificant
Conclusion: There were various significant abnormalities seen in parameters of Oto-Acoustic Emissions (OAE) and Brainstem Evoked Response Audiometry (BERA). So these tests should be included in the test battery for the screening of patients complaining of tinnitus even with normal hearingAuthor(s): Shubham Dadoo, Rohit Sharma*, Vineet Sharma