Addiction & Criminology

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Perspective - Addiction & Criminology (2021) Volume 4, Issue 1

Factors responsible for making women more prone to CMDs

From adolescence until old age Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction (CMDs) are more common in women. Unfortunately, depression and anxiety are highly comorbid, meaning that the presence of one condition elevates one’s risk of developing the other. Young women with depression are not only more likely to have anxiety but are more likely to be overweight, have insulin resistance, Low High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL), and High Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) compared to women without, while men with depression are more likely to have elevated blood pressure and to smoke. By middle age, women with clinical depression have double the risk of having a heart attack or stroke in the following 18 years compared to women without. The influence of CMDs on cardiovascular risk in women aged under 65 years is evident within a decade. As depression and anxiety are both largely heterogeneous conditions comprising different severities, symptom subtypes, and combinations, it is difficult to identify the CVD risk each confers.

Author(s): Kristina Gilbert

Abstract Full Text PDF

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