Mini Review - Journal of Clinical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2023) Volume 7, Issue 1
Electrophoresis: Separating molecules by charged migration.
Electrophoresis is a technique used to separate and analyze molecules based on their size, charge, and shape. It is widely used in the fields of biochemistry, genetics, and proteomics to study DNA, RNA, proteins, and other biomolecules. The basic principle of electrophoresis is the movement of charged molecules in an electric field. When a sample is placed in a gel matrix and an electric current is applied, the molecules will move towards the electrode with the opposite charge. The movement of the molecules is influenced by factors such as their size, charge, and shape, allowing for their separation based on these properties.Author(s): Mihkel Mazina*