Short Article - Journal of Invasive and Non-Invasive Cardiology (2021) Volume 4, Issue 4
Complications of long-term Prostaglandin E1 use in newborns with Ductal-Dependent critical congenital heart disease
Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) has been used for decades in the medical treatment of ductal dependent critical congenital heart disease in neonates. We report a retrospective evaluation of the long-term effects of PGE1 in a neonatal intensive care unit in Saudi Arabia. There were 22 subjects with a wide spectrum of cardiac defects maintained on PGE1 for a mean of 38 days (range: 6-200 days). The majority of complications included hypokalemia, hypotension and apnea/bradycardia.
Pseudo-Barrett syndrome and gastric outlet obstruction were also found. While long-term administration of PGE1 in North America is rare, it is important to be aware of possible adverse effects of fluid and electrolyte imbalance, gastric outlet obstruction and feeding difficulties.
This work is partly presented at30th Global Experts Meeting on Neonatal Nursing & Maternal Healthcare on May 14-15, 2018 held in SingaporeAuthor(s): M Terese Verklan