Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Reach Us +1 (202) 780-3397

Research Article - Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (2023) Volume 13, Issue 101

Bacterial etiology in acute exacerbations of COPD

Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and one of the principal causes of death worldwide. The objective of this study is to identify the bacterial etiological agents in patients with acute exacerbations of COPDs by sputum culture and their antibiogram. Methods: This is a prospective study comprising 100 diagnosed patients of COPD taken as GOLD Grade 4 who were admitted in the Department of Pulmonary Medicine, TB and Chest Hospital which comes under King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam during a period from May 2015 to May 2016. Results: Out of 100 patients, 83 were males of which 87% were smokers. The most common organisms isolated were Gram negative bacilli in 51 patients and only 26 were Gram positive cocci. The most common Gram-negative isolate was Klebsiella pneumoniae 27 cases followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in 19 cases. The most common Gram-positive isolate was Streptococcus pneumoniae in 16 cases followed by Streptococcus pyogenes in 6 cases and Staphylococcus aureus in 2 cases.

Author(s): Kamaldeep Kaur, P Anusha, G Ratna Kumari, Lakshmi

Abstract Full Text PDF

Get the App