Journal of Clinical Research and Pharmacy

Abstract - Journal of Clinical Research and Pharmacy (2021) Volume 4, Issue 1

Asia Pacific Nano Congress 2019: Innovative chemistry and nanotechnology-based surface engineering of hydrophobic tungsten disulfide (WS2) Inorganic Nanotubes (WS2-INTs) - novel nanoscale functional Bio-Active Inorganic â??NanofillersR

 Tungsten disulfide nanotubes (INTs-WS2) are extremely hydrophobic and chemically inert inorganic nanomaterials. This feature quite strongly limits their usefulness in numerous mechanical hardness and tribology-relating research developments and subsequent industrial/bio-active end-applications. Thus, the covalent versatile linkage of any kind of functional organic and/or biology-relating species remains a quite critical developmental step towards highly innovative high-performance nanomaterials and multiphase composites in the field of essential interfacial versatile chemistries. In such a highly challenging methodology/ functionalization issue context concerning these chemically inert hydrophobic nanomaterials, an innovative method of surface functionalization (versatile polycarboxylation ??? polyCOOH shell formation) of multi-walled inorganic nanotubes (INTs-WS2) and fullerene-like (IFs-WS2) nanoparticles has been successfully developed. This covalent functionalization method makes use of highly electrophilic and reactive imminium salts (Vilsmeier-Haack (VH) complexesreactions) in order to enable the introduction of a chemically versatile polyacidic (polyCOOH) shell onto the surface of VH-treated inorganic nanomaterials. Moreover, a significant statistical Design Of Experiments (DoE) method has been also involved for global optimization of this multi-parametric polyCOOH shell generation. This novel INTs-nanotube sidewall polyCOOH functionalization enabled innovative-targeted interfacial chemistries. Indeed, it enabled the effective nanofabrication of a wide range of covalent WS2-INTs surface modifications (polyNH2, polyOH, polySH) via (i) polyCOOH chemical activation (EDC, CDI) and (ii) 2nd step covalent nucleophilic substitutions by short -aminated bifunctional ligands H2N-linker-X (X outer surface functionality). 

Author(s): Jean-Paul (Moshe) Lellouche

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