Journal of Invasive and Non-Invasive Cardiology

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Mini Review - Journal of Invasive and Non-Invasive Cardiology (2023) Volume 6, Issue 2

A comprehensive guide to atherosclerosis and its prevention

Atherosclerosis is a medical condition characterized by the build-up of plaque in the walls of arteries, which can lead to heart disease, stroke, and other serious health problems. The exact cause of atherosclerosis is not yet fully understood, but several risk factors have been identified, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, and diabetes. Atherosclerosis can develop over many years without causing symptoms, but it can ultimately lead to chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and weakness. Diagnosis is made through a range of tests, including blood tests, electrocardiogram (ECG), stress test, and angiogram. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, medications, and surgery, depending on the severity of the condition. Ongoing research is exploring new treatments and prevention strategies, such as gene therapy and stem cell therapy. By adopting a healthy lifestyle and seeking prompt medical attention, it is possible to prevent and manage atherosclerosis effectively.

Author(s): Torsten Bohn

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