Biomedical Research

Journal Banner

Usage of family planning method and related social-cultural factors in the Western Mediterrian sea region of Turkey

Objective: This study was conducted to search the women’s contraceptive preferences, to explore the effects of socioeconomic and cultural differences, and to evaluate the success of the family planning in this region.

Material and methods: This study is a cross sectional study that was conducted in first step health organizations in the city center of Isparta, Mediterranean region, Turkey. For sampling process, stratified sampling was planned. After determining how many women were going to be involved in our project from each health clinic/family health center, using systematic sampling method, chasing cards were selected for the women between 15-49 years old. Through systematic sampling method, 681 women chasing cards were examined. Data were tabulated by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) program 9.05 software programmes.

Results: The most common method used by 160 women (23.5%) was found to be condom, following with 153 women (22.5%) intrauterine device (IUD) and with 131 women (19.2%) ineffective (traditional) method was found to be used. 152 women (22.3%) did not use any prophylactic method. The majority (42%) of families were observed to have two kids. It was observed that a large number, 550 (80.8%) do not work. According to last pregnancy information, it can be said that abortus number is effective on total pregnancy number and in the study, as the abortus number increased the total pregnancy number increased (p-value=0.000). If the education level of the spouse was low, in terms of the method used, either no method or an inefficient method (p-value=0.008) was used.

Conclusion: Not using any family planning method or using an inefficient method is an important public health problem for Turkey, as it’s for the other developing countries. This problem was found in high ratios for the study group too.

Author(s): Kurtulus ├ľngel, Utku Eser, Ebru Katirci