Editorial - Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology (2018) Volume 2, Issue 1
Transvaginal Oocyte Retrieval in IVF: Should we really be scared of the procedure?
Since the birth of the first IVF baby, a baby girl ?Louise Joy
Brown? in 25th July 1978  and the first IVF boy ?Alastair
MacDonald? in 14th January 1979 , millions of successful
IVF births took place till date. Initially oocyte retrieval was
a real challenge and people had taken oocyte by laparotomy
and/or by other laparoscopic techniques. These techniques
were very difficult and in many cases unsuccessful because
of severe tubal disease, multiple adhesions or hidden ovaries.
The overall success rate was less than 50% . Improvement
in the success rate of OPU to 60-80% per follicle occurred
between 1979 and 1980 when a foot-controlled fixed aspiration
pressure control was introduced  and specially designed
Teflon-lined aspiration needles with beveled points were used
. Transvaginal oocyte retrieval (TVOR) technique was first
developed by Pierre Dellenbach and colleagues in Strasbourg,
France, and reported in 1984 .
OPU or TVOR is usually done under general anesthesia (GA)
with the help of transvaginal sonography (TVS) after 34 to
36 hours of trigger i.e. human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
administration . Author(s): Pankaj Srivastava
Abstract Full Text PDF