Biomedical Research

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TNF-α and IL-1β inhibitors, 3, 5-disubstituted-4, 5-dihydro-1H-pyrazoles

A series of 3, 5-disubstituted-4, 5-dihydro-1H-pyrazoles have been synthesized under solvent free microwave irradiation method by the condensation of α, β-unsaturated ketones with hydrazine and its differently substituted derivatives. The chemical structures of the compounds were characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic data. All the synthetics were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activity under in vivo conditions. The present study describes the potential of these pyrazole ring containing scaffolds to assess the TNF α (Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha) and IL-1β (Interleukin-1 beta) inhibitory potential. TNF-α and IL-1β are inflammatory cytokines that are pro-inflammatory in nature and play a major role in inflammatory cascades of many pathologically dreadful diseases ranging from neurodegenerative disorders to autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Author(s): Musarat Amina, Satti NK, Nawal M. Al Musayeib, Bani S, Touseef Amna