Biomedical Research

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Time difference of arrival based localization for patient monitoring and tracking

The increasing exploitation of wireless sensor devices in Medical diagnostics and patient monitoring has attracted the researchers in the past few decades. Nowadays, the development of health care systems and infrastructure is one of the most demanding and convincing goals. The monitoring and supervision of patients which has been carried out are often executed manually. This paper provides patient monitoring, tracking and localization through wireless sensor networks. We proposed a novel hybrid localization method based on Time Difference of Arrival and Lagrangian multiplier to locate the position of sensor which provides patient localization for Health Care Support. This system performs the localization out of samples of Time Difference of Arrival, tracking and monitoring module based on accelerometer and low pass filter with oversampling algorithm. Also we have designed a hardware setup for monitoring moving target localization and tracking. The simulation results reveal that the proposed method achieved very high localization accuracy.

Author(s): Z. Mary Livinsa, S. Jayashri