Biomedical Research

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The effect of mobile-based patient education on nausea and vomiting of patients undergoing chemotherapy

Introduction: Nausea and vomiting related to chemotherapy are among the most severe side effects and are one of the most important concerns of patients with cancer. Training patients under chemotherapy is an inseparable part of nursing care. This study has been conducted aiming to determine the effect of mobile-based education on nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Methods: In this open-label clinical trial, 50 cancer patients were enrolled according to entry criteria. The subjects were divided into case and control groups by random block method in senary blocks. Patients of both groups were in the same conditions in terms of age, type of cancer, severity of nausea and vomiting, chemotherapy regimen (cisplatin or cyclophosphamide) and anti-vomiting regimen (ketril plus dexamethasone). The control group received only routine training, and the case group received educational content in the form of mobile software. In order to measure the effect of intervention, Visual analogue scale (VAS) of nausea and Khavar oncology scale were used. In order to analyze the data, SPSS software version 21 was used.

Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of demographic characteristics and clinical characteristics. After the intervention, the severity of nausea has decreased in the intervention group, but in the control group, the nausea has been unchanged (p=0.000). The mean score of vomiting in the control group was increased and decreased in the intervention group, and this decrease was statistically significant (p=0.000).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the development of a coherent curriculum by mobile education software by oncology nurses will have a significant effect on controlling the complications of chemotherapy in cancer patients.

Author(s): Seiyedeh Zeinab Alboughobeish, Marziyeh Asadizaker, Daryoosh Rokhafrooz, Bahman Cheraghian