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Subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum secondary to H1N1 pneumonia in Saudi children: 2 case reports.

Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an innocuous condition in children, which usually responds to supportive therapy. The incidence of H1N1 Influenza A infection in children is exceedingly rare and may culminates into spontaneous pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema. We are presenting 2 cases where subcutaneous emphysema and spontaneous pneumomediastinum complicated H1N1 Influenza A viral infection in children, with an excellent outcome.

Author(s): Ruba Abo Essa, Ibrahim Al-Helali, Ibrahim Al-Benhassan, Samy Dawood