Biomedical Research

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Study on the application of external fixator and limited internal fixation in combined treatment of limbs fractures

Objective: This study aims to investigate the application of external fixator and limited internal fixation in combined treatment of limbs fractures.

Methods: From September 14th, 2015 to September 14th, 2016, a total number of 100 limbs fractured patients were collected in our hospital. They were randomly divided into two groups (the observation group and the control group) with 50 patients in each group. Patients in the control group received traditional treatment while patients in the observation group were treated with external fixation combined with limited internal fixation. The effect of the traditional and combined treatment was compared between the observation group and the control group.

Results: In the observation group, the time of fracture healing was 42.45 ± 2.45 days, the recovery rate was 96%, the amount of hemorrhage was 47.55 ± 4.32 ml, the operation time was 68.48 ± 5.39 min, hospitalization time was 10.58 ± 3.65 d, Helfet score was 85.69 ± 5.43 and the incidence of postoperative adverse events was 2%. However, in the control group, the time of fracture healing was 53.96 ± 2.35 d, the recovery rate was 60%, the amount of hemorrhage was 69.81 ± 5.41 ml, the operation time turned out to be 79.62 ± 6.54 min, hospitalization time was 15.96 ± 4.84 d, Helfet score was 74.30 ± 2.31 and the incidence of postoperative adverse events was 24%.

Conclusion: External fixator and limited internal fixation can improve the treatment safety of the patients with limb fracture.

Author(s): Yong Yang, Yonghui Ma, Ning Lu, Dong Xu