Current Pediatric Research

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Prevalence of pneumonia and factors associated among children 2-59 months old in Wondo Genet district, Sidama zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia.

Background: Acute respiratory infection is among the leading causes of child morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia and throughout the world. The main aim of the this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with pneumonia among children 2-59 months old in Wondo Genet district.

Methods: Institutional based cross sectional study was employed on 206 child- mothers/ caregivers pairs. Data were collected using structured and pre-tested questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using statistical package for social sciences version 20 software. Odds Ratio along with 95% confidence interval was estimated to identify determinates of pneumonia.

Results: Prevalence of pneumonia among under-five children was 33.5%. Absence of separate kitchen, absence of window in the kitchen, breast feeding less than one year and children at age range of 2-12 months were identified determinates.

Conclusion: Prevalence of pneumonia in under-five children is high. Identified determinates can be prevented and controlled through community mobilization on health benefits of ventilated and improved housing conditions, importance of separate kitchen, importance of kitchen which has windows and/or chimneys or hoods and importance of breast feeding to prevent under five pneumonia.

Author(s): Teshome Abuka