Case Reports in Surgery and Invasive Procedures

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Hypothesis of "window effects" may reveal mechanisms of groin hernia formation and development.

Many patients who experience a common discomfort of bulging when they return to work involving heavy lifting or extended periods of walking or standing or trying to strengthen abdominal wall after inguinal hernia repair with plug or mesh do always complaint about the sensation, which also make hernia specialist feel discouraging and push them into a very dilemma situation. It appears to contribute to disadvantage of conical mesh plug or unskilful mesh fixation or both of them according to recent study

Author(s): Yafeng Wan, Zhong Jia