Research Article - Journal of Clinical Endocrionology Research (2018) Volume 1, Issue 1
Evaluation of the quality of living of individuals with diabetes mellitus through the use of Whoqol-100.
Quality of life assessment is recognized as an important area of scientific knowledge due to its conception of health: satisfaction and well-being in the physical, psychic, socioeconomic and cultural spheres. The use of quality of life assessment tools allows a more objective and clear assessment of the global impact of chronic diseases, such as Diabetes Mellitus. Such an evaluation has the advantage of including subjective aspects that are not normally addressed by other evaluation criteria. Objectives: To verify if there are any gender differences in the quality of life of individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Materials and Methods: The WHOQOL-100 questionnaire (the World Health Organization quality of life assessment instrument) and clinical questionnaires were used to assess quality of life. 192 patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus were interviewed at the UNIFESP Diabetes Center, equally divided between the sexes, between August 2013 and May 2014. Results: The WHOQOL-100 results showed that the scores of the domains (physical, psychological and psychological). , level of independence, social relations, environment and spiritual aspects) were higher in men than in women, and 18 of the 24 facets were higher in men. Conclusion: Men tend to have higher mean scores than women, both in the field and in the facet, suggesting that women with diabetes have a greater loss of quality of life than men. However, in the overall perception of study participants, overall quality of life and overall health perception were considered to have good quality of life in both sexes.Author(s): Juliana Vallim Jorgetto, Laercio Joel Franco